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22 terms

Sociology-Chapter3: Socialization: From Infancy to Old Age

STUDY
PLAY
socialization
the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture
personality
a person's fairly consistant patterns of acting, thinking, and feeling
id
Freud's term for the human being's basic drives
ego
Freud's term for a person's conscious efforts to balance innate pleasure-seeking drives with the demands of society
superego
Freud's term for the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual
sensorimotor stage
Plaget's term for the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses
preoperational stage
Plaget's term for the level of human deveopment at which an individuals first use language and other symbols
concrete operational stage
Plaget's term for the level of human deveopment at which an individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings
formal operational stage
Plaget's term for the level of human deveopment at which an individuals think abstractly and critically
self
George Herbert Mead's term for the part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image
looking-glass self
Charles Horton Cooley's term for self-image based on how we think others see us
significant others
people, such as parents, who have special importance for socialization
generalized other
Mead's term for widespread cultural norms and values we use as a reference in evaluating ourselves
peer group
a social group whose members have interests, social positions, and age in common
anticipatory socialization
learning that helps a person acheive a desired position
mass media
the means for delivering impersonal communication to a vast audience
gerontology
the study of ageing and the elderly
gerontocracy
a form of social organization in which the elderly have the most wealth, power, and prestige
ageism
prejudice and discrimination against older people
cohort
a category of people with something in common, usually their age
total institution
a setting im which people are isolated form the rest of society and controlled by an administative staff
resocialization
radically changing an inmate's personality by carefullt controlling the environment