90 terms

Types of Poetry

A Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world.
Haiku Poem
Over the wintry
forest, winds howl in rage
with no leaves to blow.
Free Verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Free Verse Poem
I buried my father in my heart.
Now he grows in me, my strange son,
My little root who won't drink milk,
Little pale foot sunk in unheard-of night,
Little clock spring newly wet
In the fire,little grape, parent to the future
Wine, a son the fruit of his own son,
Little father I ransom with my life.
A cinquain is a five-line poem
Cinquain Poem
Memories of summerOak
A long and narrative poem that normally tells a story about a hero or an adventure.
These poems also tell a story, like epic poems do. However, This poetry is often based on a legend or a folk tale. These poems may take the form of songs and may contain a moral or a lesson.
Ballad Poem
Oh the ocean waves may roll,
And the stormy winds may blow,
While we poor sailors go skipping aloft
And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below
And the land lubbers lay down below.
Name Poem
"Alexis seems quite shy and somewhat frail,
Leaning, like a tree averse to light,
Evasively away from her delight.
X-rays, though, reveal a sylvan sprite,
Intense as a bright bird behind her veil,
Singing to the moon throughout the night."
In poetry, this poem has 14 fourteen lines and is written in iambic pentameter. Each line has 10 syllables and usually romantic poems
Iambic Pentameter
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable
Sonnet Poem
Oh the pirate stars, they have no mercy!
Masquerading as hope they tell their lies;
Only the young can hear their lullabies.
But I am barren and I am thirsty
Since she has gone. No hope is there for me.
I will roam and curse this earth and these skies--
Death from life which Zeus sovereign denies.
My heart's ill shall the whole world's illness be
Till she is returned-- my daughter, my blood--
From the dark hand of Hades to my care.
With my tears these mortals shall know a flood
To show Poseidon's realm desert and bare.
No myrtle shall flower, no cypress bud
Till the gods release her...and my despair.
A kind of poem devoted to the praise of a person, animal, or thing. this poem is usually written in an elevated style and often expresses deep feeling. Pindar, who began writing choral poems that were meant to be sung at public events.
Ode Poem
There was a time when meadow, grove, and stream,
The earth, and every common sight
To me did seem
Apparelled in celestial light,
The glory and the freshness of a dream.
It is not now as it hath been of yore;-
Two lines of rhyming poetry followed by two more lines with a different rhyme and so on
Couplet Poem
"Look in thy glass, and tell the face thou viewest
Now is the time that face should form another;
Whose fresh repair if now thou not renewest,
Thou dost beguile the world, unbless some mother,
For where is she so fair whose unear'd womb .......
But if thou live, remember'd not to be,
Die single, and thine image dies with thee."
A memorable short Poem (1 or 2 lines) rhymes with a clever twist at the end.
A Paragraph in poetry; a group of lines in poetry..
poetry in which the meaning or effect is conveyed partly or wholly by visual means, using patterns of words or letters and other typographical devices.
A poem, word puzzle, or other composition in which certain letters in each line form a word or words.
Humorous 5-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme
Limerick Poem
I once knew a word I forgot
That means, "I am sorry we met
And I wish you the same."
It sounds like your name
But I haven't remembered it yet.
This poem is another form of Japanese poetry that consists 5 lines of 31 syllables (5-7-5-7-7). The themes for this type of poem are love, nature, seasons, and friendships
Tanka Poem
Wind blowing my face
Making my cheeks rosy red
It's biting my nose
And chilling through all my bones
It is pushing me along
A poem that resembles a shape and is written about two opposite subjects
Diamonte Poem
Loyal, friendly
Panting, wheezing, barking
Man's best friend, furry companion
Purring, grooming, preying
Quiet, charming
Black Verse
Is a literary device defined as un-rhyming verse written in iambic pentameter.
Poets use this style to draw readers into a sensory experience. It will often provide us with mental snapshots that appeal to our senses of sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell.
Imagery Poem
Looks like a mud puddle in the sky
And smells like mouldy leather
It sounds like a giant's stomach rumbling
And feels like being turned inside out.
metrical foot
A grouping of strong and weak syllables. It usually contains one stressed syllable and at least one unstressed syllable
How many feet in a line?
METER: Monometer, Dimeter, Trimeter, ...
It is a foot.... What gives a poem it's unique rhythm; is a poetic device that serves as a linguistic sound pattern for the verses,
Iambic Foot
(./) A weak syllable followed by a strong syllable: guitar or to sleep
Trochee Foot
(/.) A strong syllable followed by a weak syllable: Baseball or Thank You
(../) unstressed, unstressed, stressed: weak / weak syllable and then a strong syllable - Understand
(/..) Stressed, unstressed, unstressed: strong / weak / weak syllable - Camera
(//) A foot made with 2 strong syllables
(..) A foot made with 2 weak syllables
This poem uses words that express his state of mind, his perceptions, or his feelings. Some of the best examples of lyric poetry are sonnets.
Is a verse or phrase that is repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, usually after the chorus or stanza.
They are sad forms of poetry. 3 parts: a lament, praise of the deceased, and solace for loss.
Mock Epic
The poem makes fun on epic poems. draws heavily on the technique of satire, which means that it uses irony, exaggeration, and sarcasm to make fun of its original subject.
Ballad Stanza
a four-line stanza in iambic meter in which the first and third unrhymed lines have four metrical feet and the second and fourth rhyming lines have three metrical feet.
End Rhyme
is defined as when a poem has lines ending with words that sound the same. (at the end of the lines)
End Rhyme Ex.
aabb scheme - Jill and Hill, go and slow. end of the line
is a French poem comprised of six stanzas containing six lines each. These six-by-six stanzas are followed by a shorter (3-line) final stanza known as an envoi.
A natural pause, a break in a line of poetry, usually indicated by a punctuation mark. Eg. "When will the bell ring, and end this weariness?"
Famous Greek slave, did write fables, not all his fables were written by him, any fable that didn't have an author at that time was said to have been written by him
Wonder Tales
writers like Nathaniel Hawthorne refer to the magical elements in the fairy tale with this term, often appear in the characters of witches, wizards, magical animals, and talking beasts.
a traditional story, esp. one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient. Writer talks down to the reader.
Embodies a teaching tone, the writer addresses the readers as if they must learn something.
A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.
Internal Rhyme
a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next. Ab.........Ab
Internal Rhyme Ex.
If you want to shine, you have to drop that dime.
A courtly love poem from Medieval Times. usually only 2 rhymes 19 line poem with 5 (3-line stanzas) and 1 (4 line stanza )quartrain (aba rhyme scheme)
play writer and poet (sonnets)
Geoffrey Chaucer
Medieval Poet, wrote Frame tales of the cross section of society
Frame Tales
Story within a story
Early christian mystery plays were written in
Verse play
Poetic Drama
Contemporary Drama
wherein actors directly face and address audiences
are written and read as letters
Idealize nature and country living
Any writing that is not poetry
Internal Rhyme
Some of the rhyme inside a line
Masculine Rhyme (A)
a rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable--spent, went
Feminine Rhyme (B)
lines rhymed by their final two syllables--running, gunning; properly, the penultimate syllables are stressed and the final syllables are unstressed
Triple Rhyme
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the third last syllable of the words involved (gainfully-disdainfully)
Types of stanzas
Couplet, Triplet, Quatrain and .......
One or 2 words consisting of 2 syllables but sometimes 3
Stressed syllable
unstressed syllable
Who wrote in Iambic meeter?
Frost and Shakespeare
A syllable always has a vowel Yes or No
A poem that begins with the letters of the name
Is a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
is a metrical unit of poetry made of at least one stressed syllable and one or more unstressed syllables
A reversal or rearranging of the usual word order in sentences
Is the attitude the writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience; It usually can described in a single word: ironic, lighthearted, cynical, joyfull, or critical
A brief poem that sums up an individuals life.
is how we are made to feel as readers, or the emotion evoked by the author.
Plain style Poetry
is a type of writing in which uncomplicated sentences and ordinary words are used to make simple, direct statements.
Slant Rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss")
Closed Couplet
each of the two lines is end-stopped, implying that there is a grammatical pause at the end of a line of verse.
Metaphysical poetry
Is know for its startling imagery, intricate figures of speech, irregular meter.
The Turn
The Transition from octave to sestet. A point when the poet pivots his feelings
A prayer like figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer. The effect may add familiarity or emotional intensity. William Wordsworth
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis