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Terms in this set (79)
the movement in the arts and humanities that embraces innovation and experimentation and rejects adherence to traditional forms and values
economic theories that promote government monetary and financial policies aimed at increasing employment and stimulating economic growth
political ideology and governing policies that mandate strong central control regulation of both public and private thought and behavior
the theory and practice of colonial government favoring the appointment of local leaders as political intermediaries between the colonizer and the indigenous population
political ideology that advocates authoritarian leadership, intense national loyalty, cultural renewal, and rejection of both liberal democracy and socialism
legal restriction or prohibition imposed on trade
international monetary frund
one of the global lending institutions established in 1944 by more than forty countries at the Bretton Woods talks in New Hampshire
1947 arrangement by the united states to flood europe with reconstruction aid which eventually totaled about 14 billion in direct grants
the premeditated, purposeful killing of large numbers of members of a particular national, racial, ethnic, or religious group
the warsaw pact
alliance created between the soviet union and its eastern european allies as a countermove to the formation of NATO
a period of increased birth rates, especially in Western countries, from the end of World War II to about 1957.
social and cultural values and practices centered on the continuous accumulation and use of material goods.
is an extensive and densely urbanized region or chain of urbanized regions.
is the political and legal system in force in South Africa from 1948 to 1994.
is an approach to government in which the state uses public funds to protect and promote the health and social prosperity of all citizens.
The Great War
affected technology and management by producing new inventions and techniques through the encouragement of wartime governments.
urged Indians to spin and weave their own cloth as part of his philosophy of Satyagraha.
was not part of the Axis alliance in World War II - Japan, Germany, and Italy were.
Mao's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
had the purpose of mobilizing the Red Guards to cleanse China of bourgeois values, foreign influences, and ideological impurities.
The "Asian Tigers" who built strong economics around making high-quality goods for export included ___
warned her readers about DDT and other pesticides that kill animal life.
The economic liberalization policy of Mikhail Gorbachev
The Arab Spring popular movements
overthrew long-standing governments in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya.
the Maastricht Treaty
accomplished the formation of the European Economic Community.
The designation of ___ was applied to those states that were located in the global south.
Transnational terrorist groups
had been the principal abusers of human rights in the modern era.
the German physicist who demonstrated mathematically that there is no single spatial and chronological framework within the universe.
contended that civilization's standards and laws serve to control base instincts.
The artistic technique whereby the artist disassembles objects and then puts them back together on canvas in jumbled bits and pieces
The number of voting citizens in the world swelled after the Great War because states broadened the franchise to include ___
Lenin's economic agenda
Allowing peasants to behave like rural capitalists was part of
The Nationalists under ___ came to power to lead China in the interwar years.
In 1926 Turley replaced ___ with a code based on Swiss and other European systems.
built roads and railways in their African and Asian possessions for the transportation of export commodities.
Ho Chi Minh
the future political leader that tried to present a petition to President Wilson in Paris to plead for self-rule for his home country, which was then under harsh colonial rule by the French.
The Amritsar Massacre
an action taken by the British in India in April 1919, led to the radicalization of many Indian nationalists.
urged Indians to spin and weave their own cloth, a symbolic affirmation of swadeshi or Indian economic self-sufficiency.
The Dawes Plan
in 1924 encouraged U.S. banks to loan the Weimar Republic hundreds of millions of dollars in part to help stabilize the German economy.
Paul von Hindenburg
appointed Adolph Hitler chancellor of the Weimar Republic.
resources, especially oil,
As Japan's industrial power grew, ___ was a major factor that motivated it to seize territories abroad.
set forth his worldview in the partly autobiographical work, Mein Kampf.
The Nuremberg Laws
proclaimed in 1935 began the systematic project to "isolate" the Jews in Germany.
The British prime minister who declared that the Munich conference had achieved "peace in our time"
The Coral Sea
where the first major engagement between U.S. and Japanese carrier-based planes occurred.
The German advance into the Soviet Union finally halted at ___
Mao's vision of communism differed from that of most of his comrades. In Mao's view, the revolution should be ___
Rosie the Riveter
During World War II, ___ in the U.S. emblemized national fortitude and sacrifice in image and song.
The German capital of ___ was in the Soviet Union's military zone.
The UN differed from the League of Nations in that the UN had the power to
The Truman Doctrine
the name of the U.S. policy that supported free people who resisted subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures.
The U.S. generally encouraged ___ movements in the wake of WWII. It was in the nation's interests, aiding in advancing its commercial interests abroad.
the English-educated lawyer and committed socialist who helped lead the Indian National Congress.
The welfare state
___ grew faster in Western Europe than in the United States because there was not as much public support in the U.S. as in Western Europe.
The Soviet "Five Year Plans"
were government mandated economic goals.
the Soviet leader that ascended to the top of the Soviet political hierarchy within two years of Stalin's death.
In Mao's China, when the government directly managed the economy, growth ___
quadrupled its manufacturing output between 1945 and 1973 using an economic ideology called import substitution industrialization.
the Argentinian president that kept a tight rein on power but appealed to the urban masses and labor unions for support.
By new credit mechanisms corporations sought to help customers with average incomes enjoy ___
high dam project
The ___ at Aswan was the Egyptian public works project designed to help feed its growing population but would instead serve to increase food imports.
The strategy known as ___ is an attempt to defend against a nuclear attack.
In 1956, ___ revolted against their communist government, demanding withdrawal from the Soviet bloc, the Soviets responded by having the Red Army move in to suppress the insurgency.
The national Liberation Front (NFL)
in Vietnam was also known as the Viet Cong.
was known to have the most severe institutionalized racism.
the brief period of political liberalization that ended when the Soviet and Eastern European armies sent in tanks to restore order in Czechoslovakia
the name of the first satellite launched in 1957.
The United States
left the gold standard in 1971 in order to gain greater economic freedom.
declared an oil embargo against the United States in 1973 to place political pressure on Israel to return occupied territories.
The European Union
has a set of complex rules and institutions for the free movement of goods, capital, and workers among its member states.
The number of sovereign states in the world ___ dramatically since World War II because of the dismantling of colonial empires.
In the mid-1960s, the United States and the Soviet Union entered into a period of improved relations known as ___
was one of the main ethnic groups involved in the interethnic warfare that occurred after the collapse of the republic of Yugoslavia.
Taiwan and Vatican City
are the only two sovereign polities that are NOT members of the United Nations.
is NOT a permanent member of the UN Security Council. The United States, Russia, and China are permanent members.
The European Union
the regional organization that has advanced the furthest toward political and economic integration.
Most of the small wars that have erupted since 1990 have been ___
The terrorist organization ___ first appeared as a guerilla organization fighting Afghanistan's Soviet occupiers.
a state that is notable for its support of terrorist groups.
was among the first to establish full diplomatic relations with Israel.
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