Terms in this set (58)
What are the three types of equality
1. Political equality- one person, one veto
2. Social equality- treating everyone the same in public
3. Economic equality- offering the same opportunity to everyone
Define civil rights
Refer to the opportunity for every person to equal rights and access under law.
What were some of the new Barriers erected to keep the former slaves from voting?
1. Literacy test
2. General knowledge test
3. Poll tax
4. Residency requirements
What did brown vs. board of education accomplish?
Get rid of segregation
What are the four provision of 1964 civil rights act?
1. prohibits discrimination in the Public place
2. prohibits discrimination in hiring practices
3.if discrimination continues cuts off all federal funding
4. created EEOC eagles employment opportunity commission
What did the 24th amendment accomplish?
Abolished poll tax
What three policies have we used to control the native Americans?
1. Kill' me
What was the employment act of 1967 supposed to accomplish?
Abolish age discrimination
What was the ADA of 1990?
Americans with disabilities act
Define public opinion
Compilation of beliefs about one subject or topic
Define political socialization
Learning process by which we develop/ create our beliefs on government
What are the five main aspects of life that affect our political socialization?
2. Peers and friends
How can we tell if a poll is accurate?
2. Sample size
3. Bias of questions
What is the common term for our right to vote?
Universal male suffrage
Women's right to vote
abolished the poll tax
Decreased voting age from 21 to 18
What four obstacles kept people from voting?
1. Literally test
2. General knowledge
3. Poll tax
4. Residency requirements
What are the five most common methods to cast a ballot?
1.hand counted paper ballots
2. Mechanical level machine
3. Computer punch card ballot (butterfly)
4. Optical scanners
5. Electronic voting system
Which five most commonly used cast ballots which one is used the most?
Electronic voting system
What are the two big problems with lower voter turnout?
1.Sign of weak democracy
2. Too much to voters
Define party less for a public
Choose smarter people to become president
Define the term political party
Organization with common beliefs who run candidates for office and have a broad philosophical base
What is the reason for the 12th amendment
President and Vice President are on the same party
Discuss win America's five critical elections were in what they did
1. 1828 - created democrats and Whigs
2.1860- first election of republican for national power and union vs. democrats for states right and slavery
3.1869- republican dominance concentrated in north and west vs. democrats only in the southern states
4.1932- democrats eventually replace republicans as liberal
5. 1968- republicans create solid south and establish equality
Differentiate between dealignment and realignment
Dealignment- decline in voter attachment to parties and in clarity of party coalitions.
Realignment- the rise of new group and voters flocking to that new party
What are the four functions of our political parties
Contesting elections- raise funds, organize events, provide funds to candidates, recruit and organize volunteers
Recruiting and organizing candidates- begins at local level and weeds out lower quality candidates.
Frameworks of choice for voters- creates ideological and policy positions which serve as foundation for all candidates.
Proving organization for govt.- leaders push the policies of theirs party bajsed on their personal priorities.
What are the four basic types of third parties
1.economic protest party
2. Ideological party
3. Issue party
4. Factional party
As defined in table 13.2 differentiate between the major third parties in America today
The natural law party- this party advocates all party governments which is defined as bringing together the best ideas, programs, and leaders from all political parties in the private sector to solve and prevent problems
The constitution party - his party bases The foundation of its political activities on religious principles of Christianity. It argues the US Constitution established a republic under God rather than a democracy
The reform party
The Libertarian party - party endorses the nation that government should be small and limited, inferring as little as possible with the lives of citizens
Socialist party -where the libertarians pardon very limited role of government, the Socialist party supports active government involvement and providing equitable distribution of resources and society.
Green Party - the foundation of green party wrist on pro - environmentalist positions like green parties and other Democracies, such as Germany and France
What are the four campaigns of every presidential election
1. Pre- nomination (I want to run)
2. Nomination ( primaries)
3. Convention (raise money)
4. General election
What terms describe a general election with an incumbent running for real action
Incumbent race- where office holder run for election
What term describes a general election without an incumbent on either side
Open race- where there is no incumbent on either side
What is a battleground states
State where any candidate could win, not pre- determined
What is the most important aspect of any campaign
What was the BCRA and what did it try to accomplish
Bipartisan campaign reform act of 2002, meant to cut down on money flowing to candidates, but ended up allowing
What are the constitutional requirements for president
1."Natural born" citizen
2. 14 year us. Resident
3. 35 years old
What are the constitutional powers for the US president
2. Commander-in- chief
3. Executive head of nation
5. Pardons and paroles
6. Negotiate treaties
7. Call special session
8. Commission all officers
What are the five roles of the US president
1. Chief of state- head cheerleader
2. Chief executive- head of bureaucracy
3. Chief diplomat-1. Head ambassador for the us 2. Certify credentials of all new foreign ambassador
4. Chief legislator-creating and tracking bills through congress -95% of bills
5. Commander in chief- order the military to do whatever
What are the four implied powers of the US president
Crisis manager- head of FEMA also gives aid and comfort
2. Party leader- all credit of blame for success with failure of future elections
3. Executive orders and agreements
4. Orders- telling the bureaucracy what to do- hold the rule of law
What are the roles of the first lady
Continually evolving. Currently roles can include legislation, chief of state, chief diplomat and party leader.
How many electoral votes does it take to become President of the United States
No differences between the 12/20 and the 22nd amendment
12th amendment - both the president and vice president have to be at the same party
20th Amendment- moved inauguration from March to January
22nd amendment- limits presidents to two terms
Correctly spell last names of the nine current Supreme Court justices
1. Clarence THOMAS
2. John g. ROBERTS
3. Anthony m. KENNEDY
4. Ruth baker GINSBURG
5. Sonia SOTOMAYOR
6. Stephen g. BREYER
7. Samuel a. ALITO ,Jr
8. Elena KAGAN
9. One die (Scalia)
Resident Obama's cabinet
Department of agriculture
Secretary Tom vilsack
Department of commerce
Secretary penny Pritzker
Department of defense
Secretary Ashton carter
Department of education
Secretary John King
Department of energy
Secretary Ernest moniz
Department of health and human services
Secretary Sylvia Matthews - burwell
Department of housing and unbar development
Secretary Julia Castro
Department of the interior
Secretary sally jewell
Department of justice
Attorney general Loretta lynch
Department of labor
Secretary Thomas Perez
Department of state
Secretary Jong Kerry
Department of transportation
Secretary Anthony foxx
Department of treasury
Secretary Jack lew
Department of veteran affairs
Secretary Robert McDonald