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hidden curriculum

teaches important cultural values like competition, rigid formality, and success based on performance rather than love; important aspect of school socialization

rigid formality

parking, punctuality, respect for authority, regimented class periods, etc.

success based on performance rather than love

good & bad: kids come to value themselves again in a positive or negative way (part of hidden curriculum)

institutional agents of socialization

family, schools, peer groups, and the mass media


the most important agent of socialization; kids depend on it especially before school


agent of socialization that teaches things like diversity, competition, success based on performance, and rigid formality

problems with schools

this agent of socialization requires a kid to have verbal, social, and moral skills to cope in a cooperative environment; not all kids have it because they have bad families

delinquent peer groups

groups of kids who seek out each other; they all have in common a lack of "proper" socialization from their families

peer group

a social group made of people with common interests, social positions, and ages; provides an escape from parental supervision

anticipatory socialization

the process of social learning directed toward gaining a desired position. It is where someone adopts the social patterns of some group in anticipation of gaining acceptance

mass media

you, radio and stuff; the chief means by which we construct our social reality


how attitudes, behaviors, and values are demonstrated (the observation and emulation of other in-group members' behavior)


the process by which people acquire aqttitudes, behaviors, and values that define themselves as individuals and as members of groups


the inability to take another's perspective; a lack of objectivity generally associated with Piaget's pre-operational stage


the ability to perceive that the substance's quantity remains the same despite a change in its shape; associated with piaget's pre-operational stage


first part of freud's model of personality; human's basic drives unconsciousness demand for immediate gratification; operates on the "pleasure principle"


second part of freud's model of personality; conscious efforts to balance immediate pleasure seeking drives with the demands of society (can't always have what you want); operates on the Reality Principle.


third part of freud's model of personality; presence of culture within the individual; internalized values and norms of our culture, it is our ability to understand and rationalize why we can't have what we want, how we ought to behave, moral interjection, guilt/pride, and understanding right from wrong.


a biology guy, not a sociology guy

stages of cognitive development

sensory-motore, pre-operational, concrete operational, and formal operational

sensory-motor stage

ages 0-2; trial & error learning, children lack object permanence

pre-operational stage

ages 2-7; child can't perform mental operations & lack conservation of mass; they're ego-centric and they lack objectivity

concrete operational stage

ages 7-12; child deals with concrete problems in the presence of objects in logical ways (manipulating numbers, etc.)

formal operational stage

ages 11/12+; though some never reach it, child applies formal logic, thinks in abstract & consequential, processes if/then, shows concern for society, becomes empathetic & introspective


guy who came up with the looking glass self

looking glass self

others represent a mirror in which we perceive ourselves as they see us; it's the idea that the self is based on how others respond to us OR how we think about ourselves is inseparable from the way others see us (am I thin/does this make me look fat?).


category of people with a common characteristic---usually age

total institution

people isolated from the rest of society and controlled by administrative staff (prison, mental hospital, etc).


deliberately controlled environment to radically alter someone's personality

stages of accepting death

denial, anger, negotiation, resignation, and acceptance


socialize us to be certain things: strong/weak, safe/unsafe, smart/stupid, loved/tolerated, masculine/feminine, etc.

positive impacts of tv

entertainment, sells products, babysits, education, relaxation, increases exposure to other cultures

negative impacts of tv

programs our attitudes and beliefs, preserves gender stereotypes (men in power, women in submissive roles), preserves class stereotypes (poor=ignorant), preserves white race dominance by having the few appearing minorities mode appropriate behavior (cosby), potentially promotes violence


most violent behavior is learned (true/false?)


a social behaviorist who integrated biological and environmental factors in personality development

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