How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

15 terms

SAAS English 9 Lit terms definitions

Literary terms for final
STUDY
PLAY
Symbolism
In literature, the extensive use symbols. Catcher example:
Symbol
A symbol is something that is itself and also stands for something else; as a flag is a piece of colored cloth that stands for a country. In a literary sense a symbol combines a literal with an abstract or suggestive quality.
Protagonist
The chief character of a work. The word originally was applied to the "first" actor in early Greek drama. In Greek drama an AGON is a contest. The protagonist and antagonist are the contestants of a drama.
Narrator
Anyone who recounts a narrative. In fiction, the term is used for the teller of a story. In fiction presented in first person, the "I" who tells the story is the narrator; the narrator may be in any of various relations to the events described, ranging from being their center (the protagonist) through various degrees of importance (minor characters) to merely being a witness. A narrator may be reliable or unreliable: If the narrator is reliable, the reader accepts without serious question the statement of fact and judgment. If the narrator is unreliable, the reader questions or seeks to qualify the statement of fact and judgment.
Irony
A broad term referring to a recognition of reality different than appearance. Verbal irony is a figure of speech in which the actual intent is expressed in words that carry the opposite meaning. Dramatic irony is when the audience holds knowledge hidden from the characters(s).
Characterization
The creation of imaginary persons so that they seem lifelike.
Characterization methods
Methods of characterization include: 1) The explicit presentation by the author (description); 2) The presentation of the character in action; 3) The representation from within the character. A character may be characterized as either static or dynamic.
Novel
An extended fictional narrative written in prose; the word refers to narratives in which the representation of character occurs in a static condition or in the process of development as a result of events or actions. Plot, theme and idea exist in a novel as organizing principles.
Plot
The imitation of an action; a pattern or sequence of events in a narrative; plot should be unified; it should contain a beginning, a middle and an end
Theme
A central idea in a narrative; the abstract concept that is made concrete through the plot; theme is not simply a subject but an idea about a subject
Conflict
The struggle that grows out of the interplay of two opposing forces in a narrative; there are four kinds of conflict that a character can have: (1) a struggle with nature; (2) a struggle with another character; (3) a struggle with society; and (4) a struggle with oneself Often, a character will experience one or more kinds of conflict throughout a narrative
Character
(1) A descriptive sketch of a personage who possesses certain qualities; the presence of creatures in a narrative that seem to be human beings of one sort or another (2) the moral constitution of a human personality in a narrative Sometimes even elements of nature; e.g., a storm, a river, a house; can be understood as a character in a narrative
Point of View
The vantage point or perspective from which an author presents a story; while there are many types of point of view, 1st person, 2nd person and 3rd person (omniscient and limited) are the types we will concern ourselves with this year 1st person point of view: a character tells the story how he or she experiences it (I am going to tell a story.)the vantage point or perspective from which an author presents a story; while there are many types of point of view, 1st person, 2nd person and 3rd person (omniscient and limited) are the types we will concern ourselves with this year 1st person point of view: a character tells the story how he or she experiences it (I am going to tell a story.)2nd person point of view: a character tells the story to the reader or directly addresses another character (You are going to tell a story) 3rd person point of view (omniscient): the author serves as a seemingly all-knowing maker 3rd person point of view (limited): the author tells the story in the third person through a single character in the narrative and the reader only understands what that character sees, hears, feels and thinks
Epic
(A literary genre) a long narrative poem generally presenting characters in an adventure; centers around a heroic figure; setting is vast; important actions are performed; supernatural forces involve themselves in the heroic figure's actions
Epic Hero
The epic hero is the character who experiences the hero's journey, as detailed in class.