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4 parts of the earths surface

hydrosphere, Lithosphere, biosphere and atmospher

underwater trenches are created through the process of


the theory that continents are slowly moving is called

continental drift

an underground porous rock layer often saturated with water


a bend in layers of rock


water vapor changes into liquid through


molten rock with the earth


moisture that falls from the cloud is


a break in the earth's crust


the activity of the earth's moving plates is called

plate tectonics

2 types of planets

terrestrial and gas giants

4 major types of landforms found on earth

mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains

describe the earths layers

inner core, outer core, mantle and crust

what produced some of the earth's largest landforms

movement of plates has produced some of Earth's largest landforms

what process keeps the amount of earth's water constant

the water cycle

describe the forms that water takes throughout the water cycle

liquid, vapor, clouds, precipitation, and surface runoff

how do internal and external forces of change affect earth's surface differently

internal forces of change cause a rising of landforms and can be dramatic and sudden. external forces of change usually wear away landforms and are usually slow

floating on the earth's core is the ___, a soft layer about 1800 miles think of molten rock


contains the oxygen we breathe, protects the earth from radiation and space debris & provides the medium for weather & climate


rocks left behind by a glacier may form a ridge or a hill called a


uses information collected by seismographs to determine the relative strength of an earthquake

richter scale

made up of water elements on the earth including oceans rivers, lakes and water in the atmospher


an area drained by a major river and its tributaries

drainage basin

the thin layer of rock at the surface of the earth


the point on the earth's surface directly above the beginning of the earthquake


magma that has reached the earths surgace


very fine particles of rock


windblow silt and clay sediments that produce fertile soil


the organic material in soil


the earths surface from the edge of a continent to the deep part of the ocean

continental shelf

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