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30 terms

history

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Horse-drawn chariots and bronze weapons were introduced into Egypt by the Correct Answer:
Hyksos.
Which of the following devices did the ancient Maya build in order to trap silt carried by the numerous rivers passing through the Mesoamerican lowlands?
terraces
After 3000 B.C.E. all Sumerian cities were ruled by what form of government?
monarchy
Which of the following answers reflects the early varna hierarchy from highest to lowest?
brahmins, kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras
The Shang rulers were strengthened by their control over the technological advantage of
bronze.
Much of early Harappan history remains a mystery because
the archaeological remains are under water.
Harkhuf was a Nubian trader who brought back exotic products from tropical Africa.
False
Homo erectus is the order of primates that flourished in Africa as early as four million years ago.
False
The Aryans believed that Varuna
oversaw the behavior of mortals and preserved the cosmic order.
The Maya believed that monumental change
would occur whenever their ceremonial and solar calendars returned to their respective starting points at the same time. This event took place every ________ solar years.
52
The Chinese emperor who started the imperial university was
Han Wudi.
The founder of the Han dynasty was
Liu Bang.
Shang Yang and Han Feizi hoped to control China's subjects
with clear and strict laws.
The Chinese philosopher who proposed that only strong social discipline would bring society into order was
Xunzi.
Junzi
were Confucian "superior individuals" who took an active role in public affairs.
Fifteen thousand terra-cotta soldiers were
unearthed in the tomb of
Shihuangdi.
The traditional founder of Daoism is considered to
be
Laozi.
In an effort to bring about effective governmental
control, the Legalists
established the principle of collective responsibility before the law.
Which group of people was the greatest military
threat to the Han dynasty?
the Xiongnu
The Chinese emperor who was notorious for his
hatred of Confucianism and for his burning of books was
Qin Shihuangdi.
The legendary founder of Daoism was Laozi.
True
The first ruler to unite all of China was
Qin Shihuangdi
The Daoist virtue of removal from the affairs of the world was known as junzi.
False
Wang Mang
carried out reforms so revolutionary that he is known as the "socialist emperor."
Xunzi was the post-Confucian scholar who believed that human beings selfishly pursued their own interests
True
The Sasanids claimed direct descent from the Achaemenids and that ruled from 224 to 651 C.E.
True
The founder of the Achaemenid empire was
Cyrus.
Zarathustra viewed the material world
as a gift from Ahura Mazda that should be enjoyed
The greatest Parthian ruler was
Mithradates I.
For his decision to allow them to return to their
capital city and rebuild their temple, Darius received high praise from these people. Who were they?
Jews