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Technique used to "fool the eye" by creating an optical illusion in paint, mosaic, stucco, wood, etc.
Characteristic of Roman design
Cupid, Cherub, or Putto
Lyre or Harp
Bellflower or Husk
Terms Associated with Roman Architecture
Masonry load bearing wall
Pool, or shallow cistern in floor of atrium used to catch rainwater from the opening in the roof (compluvium)
curving form suspended between two points, composed of flowers, fruit, or folliage and tied with ribbons, similar to garland
LYRE, OR HARP MOTIF
Motif derived from a Greek musical instrument composed of two curving forms with strings between them
Terms Associated with Greek Furnishings
Articulated Joint, Mortise-and-Tenon Construction, Saber Leg, Crest Rail, Splat, Fielded Panel
The "Orders" of Greek Architecture, Definition
a trabeated system of architecture based upon the post (vertical) and beam (horizontal)
Masculine type of Greek column
Characteristics include: Triglyph, Metope, Guttae, Fluting
Feminine, more slender Greek Column
Characteristics include a volute or scroll on capital
simple and light chair developed in Ancient Greece, S-shape form, no stretchers (made possible by articulated joints), ergonomically designed
method of Greek furniture construction where a projection fits into a slot or hole, sometimes secured with glue or an additional pin/peg
flat slabs recessed between triglyphs in a Doric Frieze, usually decorated with paintings or sculpture
Greek Borders, Moldings, Motifs
Maeander, Fret, or Key
Wave or Scroll
Triangular element signifying end of peaked roof, often filled with sculpture,
Rectangular stool developed in Ancient Greece, with four turned legs and a seat of woven leather or plant thongs, sometimes topped with a cushion
Characteristics of the Greek Klismos
in Egyptian temples, a covered area or space filled with numerous tightly clustered columns
Egyptian Architectural Features
Bell Shaped/Bud Shaped Capital
Clerestory windows with stone grilles
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