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104 terms

INT 310 Egypt, Greece, Rome

Interior Design 310
STUDY
PLAY
Roman Furnishings
Solium
Cathedra
Sella
Subsella
Curule
Lectus
Lulcrum
Mensa
Monopodium
SOLIUM
Roman throne
ROMAN CATHEDRA
Klismos-type chair, made of wicker
SELLA
Roman chair
SUBSELLA
Roman Stool
ROMAN CURULE, SELLA CURULIS
Folding X-form Stool
LECTUS
Bedstead, banqueting couch, funeral bier developed in Ancient Rome
FULCRUM
Decorative support for pillow at end of lectus
MENSA
Roman table
MONOPODIUM
Vertical support with single head/foot, head and chest of lion attached to a paw
Roman Materials
Stucco (plasterwork), mural paintings on plaster, mosiacs
TROMPE L'OEIL
Technique used to "fool the eye" by creating an optical illusion in paint, mosaic, stucco, wood, etc.

Characteristic of Roman design
Roman Motifs
Cupid, Cherub, or Putto
Lyre or Harp
Swag
Bellflower or Husk
Rinceau
Acanthus leafage
Rosettes
Mosiacs
Terms Associated with Roman Architecture
Masonry load bearing wall
Atrium
Peristyle
Impluvium
Compluvium
PERISTYLE
Row of columns surrounding a temple, building or courtyard
IMPLUVIUM
Pool, or shallow cistern in floor of atrium used to catch rainwater from the opening in the roof (compluvium)
SWAG MOTIF
curving form suspended between two points, composed of flowers, fruit, or folliage and tied with ribbons, similar to garland
LYRE, OR HARP MOTIF
Motif derived from a Greek musical instrument composed of two curving forms with strings between them
Greek Furnishings
Thornos, Klismos, Diphros, Diphros Okladias, Kline, Trapeza, Kibotos, Tripod
Terms Associated with Greek Furnishings
Articulated Joint, Mortise-and-Tenon Construction, Saber Leg, Crest Rail, Splat, Fielded Panel
The "Orders" of Greek Architecture, Definition
a trabeated system of architecture based upon the post (vertical) and beam (horizontal)
DORIC ORDER
Masculine type of Greek column
Characteristics include: Triglyph, Metope, Guttae, Fluting
IONIC ORDER
Feminine, more slender Greek Column
Characteristics include a volute or scroll on capital
CORNITHIAN ORDER
Characteristics include carving derived from the acanthus leaf on capital
THORNOS
Greek throne
KLISMOS
simple and light chair developed in Ancient Greece, S-shape form, no stretchers (made possible by articulated joints), ergonomically designed
DIPHROS DIPHROI
Stationary stool developed in Ancient Greece
DIPHROS OKLADIS
Folding stool developed in Ancient Greece
KLINE
Bedstead, banqueting couch, funeral bier developed in Ancient Greece
TRAPEZA
Three-legged, wedge shaped table with stretchers
KIBOTOS
Greek chest
TRIPOD
three-legged table or stand
ARTICULATED JOINT
exaggerated joint
MORTISE-AND-TENON
method of Greek furniture construction where a projection fits into a slot or hole, sometimes secured with glue or an additional pin/peg
SABER LEG
outward curving leg on Greek Klismos chair, modeled after sword
CREST RAIL
Curved headrest of Klismos chair
SPLAT
vertical piece that runs down the center of a chair back
FIELDED PANEL
rejects out from surface that its placed on
FLUTES
Concave gouged out vertical lines
TRIGLYPH
block with three vertical divisions in a Doric Frieze
METOPE
flat slabs recessed between triglyphs in a Doric Frieze, usually decorated with paintings or sculpture
GUTTAE
pegs in the ends of the beams, part of Doric column
VOLUTE
Scroll on capital, characteristic of Ionic order
Reeding
Convex
Greek Borders, Moldings, Motifs
Acanthus leaf
Maeander, Fret, or Key
Guilloche
Wave or Scroll
Palmette-and-anthemion
Reeding
Masonry Load Bearing Wall
....something in Roman construction?
Bellflower or Husk Motif
Roman motif
Cupid, Cherub, or Putto Motif
Roman motif,
Standardized Parts of the Greek Orders
Pediment
Entablature
Column
Pedestal
PEDIMENT
Triangular element signifying end of peaked roof, often filled with sculpture,
Greek order
ENTABLATURE
Horizontal element of Greek Order, consisting of a cornice, frieze, and architrave
DIPHROS
Rectangular stool developed in Ancient Greece, with four turned legs and a seat of woven leather or plant thongs, sometimes topped with a cushion
COLUMN
Vertical post of consisting of a capital, shaft, and base
PEDESTAL
Part of Greek order that supports the column, consists of a capital, shaft, and base
CORNICE
decorative horizontal molding
FRIEZE
below the cornice, often embellished with sculpture
ARCHITRAVE OR LINTEL
below the frieze
Capital
...
Shaft
...
Base
...
Characteristics of the Greek Klismos
Crest rail
Back splat
Fielded Panels
Saber Leg
Articulated Joints
ATRIUM
Large open space glassed or with skylights, plants and greenery
Common in Roman architecture
Egyptian Materials
Alabaster (stone)
Faience (paste)
Metal Foil
Wood Veneer
SPHINX
Egyptian mythological creature with man or woman's head and body of a lion
Pharaoh
...
Nemset Headdress
...
OBELISK
Egyptian monolithic pillar tapering to a pyramid-shaped point
MONOLITH
made from one stone, Egyptian term
Hieroglyphs
...
PYLON
monumental gateway shaped like a truncated pyramid found in Egyptian architecture
CORNICE (EGYPT)
in Egyptian architecture, crowns the architrave. most common: Cavetto
HYPOSTYLE HALL
in Egyptian temples, a covered area or space filled with numerous tightly clustered columns
Grille
...
Egyptian Motifs/Borders
Palmette
Papyrus
Lotus
Egyptian Architectural Features
Campaniform Column
Bell Shaped/Bud Shaped Capital
Clerestory windows with stone grilles
MURAL
...
BAS-RELIEF CARVING
Egyptian drawings that dont show perspective because they didnt know how yet
LATTICE
Open-work grille, characteristic of Egyptian architecture
GILT
Thin gold leaf
BEADED CYLINDER FOOT
...
EGYPTIAN BEDSTEAD
...
EGYPTIAN FUNERAL BIER
...
EGYPTIAN HEAD REST
...
ACANTHUS LEAFAGE WITH ROSETTES Roman Motif
Roman Motif
Mosiac with Guilloche border
Paired "C" Curves
Candelabrum Form
Roman Lighting Devices
Roman Motif
Vase, Putti, Rosettes, Acanthus leafage
Rinceau from Italy
Greek Wave/Scroll Motif
Anthemion/Palmette/Honeysuckle
Greek Motif
Guilloche
Greek Motif
Fret, Meander, Key
Greek Motif
Palmette, Egg and Dart
Greek Motif
Spirals with Rosettes
Egyptian Motif
Lotus and Papyrus
Egyptian Motif
Fret with Rosettes
Egyptian Motif
Egyptian Lighting Device
Lotus Motif
Made from Alabaster
Amon Ra Plan, Egypt
Egypt Plan
Tomb of Queen Nef., Egypt
Greek Lighting Devices
Parthenon, Greece
Greek Farmhouse
Parthenon, Greece