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60 terms

5th grade incas/aztecs/maya

STUDY
PLAY
Valley of Mexico
where the Aztecs first lived
Tenochtitlen
was the capital for Aztecs 400 years ago and means Prickly Pear
Legend of Tenochtitlen
One of the gods said to build a city on the spot where they see an eagle sitting on a cactis with a serpent in it's talons
Chinammpas
floating gardens
Empire
a large area of different people controlled by one ruler or government
Soldiers
Aztec boys trained to become these
Jaguar, Eagle and Knight
leaders of the Aztec Army
Human Sacrifice
a person killed during regions ceremonies
Religion
War was part of the Aztecs
sun
Aztecs believed that gods needed to be fed all the time, if they were not the gods grew weak and this would not shine and the crops would not grow.
Aztecs
They were artists, crafters, Traders and priests
Aztecs
They built roads bridges and cities
Incas
lived in the Andes Mountains in South America
Cuzco
The capital of Incas in Southern Peru
Inca Empire
This stretched from Ecuador to Chile
Packakuti
Was the 9th Inca ruler and a strong military leader and administrator
Inti
Incas worshiped him "Son God"
Incas
Great road builders, they had paved roads
Inca runners
passed along messages to all parts of the Empire
Inca farmers
Grew potatoes, tomatoes, corn, beans and peppers
Terrace
A type of farming which was done on side of mountains
Canals
used for irrigation
Government Storehouse
Surples of food kept here
Inca Artisans
Created crafts, textiles gold and silver jewlery
Quipu
Incas recorded information with knotted colored string
1,572 AD
When the Inca Empire ended
Civil War
Why the Inca Empire ended
Mesoamerians
Aztecs, Maya's and Inca's are called this
Farming
The reason why the 3 great cicilizations developed
Maya Civilization
This stretched from highlands of modern-day Guatemala to coastal plains of Pacific Coast to tropical Peninsula rainforests.
Maya Cities
These have busting markeplace, open air plazas, one huge pyramid, large temple and ball court
Tikal and Copan
2 largest Mayan cities
Mayan Priests
They believed they could talk to gods, they also decided when to plant crops and when people marry and to whom
Maya Underworld
Place of Awe
Ceremonies
Mayan priests preformed these to keep demons locked inside the underworld
Scary masks and jaguar costumes
These were worn during cerimonies to be as scary as the underworld creatures
common people
buried dead in their homes under the floors so their ancestors could keep an eye on them.
nobles
buried in toms
religion
This was the heart of the Mayan society
Mayan Temples
master builders built these for both worship and homes of priets, each had a central courtyard and built ball court at the base.
Step Pyramids
used to honor gods and leaders, some up to 20 feet high, religious ceremonies held on them, religious festivals held every 20 days.
Ruling Class
were at the top of Mayan's, were the noble and priests
Class Society
were where the Mayan's were placed in society
middle class
Mayan craftsman, traders and warriers
Bottom of society
mayan farmers workers and slaves
Surplus Crops
To have an abundance or extra crops
Corn or Malze
important crops to the mayans
Mayan Craftsmen
wove beautiful fabrics, made musical instruments, statues, and art that honored their gods and leaders
Mayan warrier
well trained, highly respected, created confidence building shield.
Mayan nobility
ruling family of royal blood
Mayan Slaves
captured from warring tribes, cared for nobles children, cleaned house and worked in fields
Mayan Government
used system of city-states which is a region under control of a city headed by a ruler
Hereditary
Passed down from family member to family member
Maya law
`strict, accused of crime have trial, small crime-hair cut short, major crime-become slave of victim
Hieroglyphies
form of written language using "glyphs"
Glyphs
picture or symbol used to represent a sound, a word, or a syllable.
Codices
books about mayan gods, leaders, daily life and events
codex
a single book
stelac
huge stones carved with hieroglyphics
Mayan Achievements
system of writing, system of government, ball courts, zero, fair laws and trials by judges