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Valley of Mexico

where the Aztecs first lived


was the capital for Aztecs 400 years ago and means Prickly Pear

Legend of Tenochtitlen

One of the gods said to build a city on the spot where they see an eagle sitting on a cactis with a serpent in it's talons


floating gardens


a large area of different people controlled by one ruler or government


Aztec boys trained to become these

Jaguar, Eagle and Knight

leaders of the Aztec Army

Human Sacrifice

a person killed during regions ceremonies


War was part of the Aztecs


Aztecs believed that gods needed to be fed all the time, if they were not the gods grew weak and this would not shine and the crops would not grow.


They were artists, crafters, Traders and priests


They built roads bridges and cities


lived in the Andes Mountains in South America


The capital of Incas in Southern Peru

Inca Empire

This stretched from Ecuador to Chile


Was the 9th Inca ruler and a strong military leader and administrator


Incas worshiped him "Son God"


Great road builders, they had paved roads

Inca runners

passed along messages to all parts of the Empire

Inca farmers

Grew potatoes, tomatoes, corn, beans and peppers


A type of farming which was done on side of mountains


used for irrigation

Government Storehouse

Surples of food kept here

Inca Artisans

Created crafts, textiles gold and silver jewlery


Incas recorded information with knotted colored string

1,572 AD

When the Inca Empire ended

Civil War

Why the Inca Empire ended


Aztecs, Maya's and Inca's are called this


The reason why the 3 great cicilizations developed

Maya Civilization

This stretched from highlands of modern-day Guatemala to coastal plains of Pacific Coast to tropical Peninsula rainforests.

Maya Cities

These have busting markeplace, open air plazas, one huge pyramid, large temple and ball court

Tikal and Copan

2 largest Mayan cities

Mayan Priests

They believed they could talk to gods, they also decided when to plant crops and when people marry and to whom

Maya Underworld

Place of Awe


Mayan priests preformed these to keep demons locked inside the underworld

Scary masks and jaguar costumes

These were worn during cerimonies to be as scary as the underworld creatures

common people

buried dead in their homes under the floors so their ancestors could keep an eye on them.


buried in toms


This was the heart of the Mayan society

Mayan Temples

master builders built these for both worship and homes of priets, each had a central courtyard and built ball court at the base.

Step Pyramids

used to honor gods and leaders, some up to 20 feet high, religious ceremonies held on them, religious festivals held every 20 days.

Ruling Class

were at the top of Mayan's, were the noble and priests

Class Society

were where the Mayan's were placed in society

middle class

Mayan craftsman, traders and warriers

Bottom of society

mayan farmers workers and slaves

Surplus Crops

To have an abundance or extra crops

Corn or Malze

important crops to the mayans

Mayan Craftsmen

wove beautiful fabrics, made musical instruments, statues, and art that honored their gods and leaders

Mayan warrier

well trained, highly respected, created confidence building shield.

Mayan nobility

ruling family of royal blood

Mayan Slaves

captured from warring tribes, cared for nobles children, cleaned house and worked in fields

Mayan Government

used system of city-states which is a region under control of a city headed by a ruler


Passed down from family member to family member

Maya law

`strict, accused of crime have trial, small crime-hair cut short, major crime-become slave of victim


form of written language using "glyphs"


picture or symbol used to represent a sound, a word, or a syllable.


books about mayan gods, leaders, daily life and events


a single book


huge stones carved with hieroglyphics

Mayan Achievements

system of writing, system of government, ball courts, zero, fair laws and trials by judges

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