What is the most popular means by which bacteria obtain food?
If a bacterium is parasitic, is it heterotrophic or autotrophic?
List the basic steps in asexual reproduction among bacteria.
DNA loop is attached to membrane. Is copied, and cell wall elongates. Eventually the DNA splits completely into two.
A sample of food is dehydrated, which kills all of the bacteria. however, in a few days, bacteria-free water is added to the food in a bacteria-free environment. Nevertheless, microscopic investigations indicate that bacteria are in the food. How did the bacteria get there?
The bacteria was already in the food as endospores, which were saved by the water.
What kind of growth does a population of bacteria experience when just a few of them are placed in an environment rich with resources?
A population of bacteria experiences logistic growth. What can you say about the resources of their environment?
they are limited, but enough for some of the bacteria to carry on.
Even though the genetic recombination among bacteria does not result in offspring, it can significantly affect the growth of the population. Why?
Because later, when the bacteria that have done genetic recombination reproduce, their children will have the DNA the parent bacterium got.
What are the technical names of the three common bacterial shapes?
coccus, bacillus, and spirillum
A bacterium lives in boiling-hot water. To what phylum and class does it most likely belong?
Phylum Mendosicutes, Class Archaebacteria
In the six-kingdom classification system, what replaces kingdom Monera?
kingdoms Archebacteria and Eubacteria.
What conditions are ideal for most bacteria to grow and reproduce?
Moisture, moderate temperature, nutrition, darkness, and the right amount of oxygen.
What methods exist for reducing the chance of bacterial contamination of food?
Canning, dehydrating, freezing, and pasteurization.