Recip Engine Textbook
Terms in this set (...)
Radial engines have appeared in two forms: the ____-radial and the ____-radial.
The _____ type engine has two banks of cylinders directly opposite each other with a crankshaft in the middle.
Many crankcase halves are sealed using a thin coat of non-hardening gasket compound and a _____.
Horizontally opposed engine crankcases are usually cast from ____ alloy.
The three main parts of a crank____ are the :
The outer surface of the crankpins and journals are hardened by _____.
A crankshaft is checked for ____ balance by placing it on knife edges and observing any tendency to rotate.
To reduce vibration to a minimum during engine operation ______ are incorporated on the crankshaft.
Plain, Ball, Roller
What are the types of bearings in general use?
The crankshaft usually rotates in ____ bearings.
The _____ is the link which transmits forces between the piston and the crankshaft.
The connecting rod attaches to the ____ of the crankshaft.
Plain, Fork & Blade, Master & Articulated
What are the types of connecting rod assemblies?
The ____ connecting rod is used on horizontally opposed engines.
Master & Articulated
The _____ rod assembly is used in radial engines.
The ____ pins connect the articulating rods to the master rod.
Most aircraft pistons are machined from _____ forgings.
Most piston rings are made of high grade ____.
The top rings installed on an aircraft piston are called the _____ rings.
The piston ring below the compression rings is called the ____ ring
The piston ring at the bottom of the piston skirt is called the ______ ring.
The piston pins used in modern aircraft engines are the _____ type.
Another name for a piston pin is a ____ pin.
Oil control rings regulate the ____ of the oil film on the cylinder wall.
The cylinder assembly is composed of two major parts, the cylinder ____ and _____.
A ____ bore cylinder is one where the bore is ground so that the diameter at the top portion of the barrel is slightly smaller than the diameter of the main part of the barrel.
Chrome Plating, Nitriding
Commonly used methods used to harden cylinder walls are ____.
Cylinders which have been chrome plated are identified by _____ paint.
Cylinders which have been nitrided are identified by ____ paint.
_____ cylinders are very susceptible to rust and must be kept covered with a preservative oil.
Cylinder heads of air-cooled engines are generally made of _____.
Heat is transferred away from the cylinder head through ____ cast into the head.
There is a greater depth and are of cooling fins on the ____ side of an air-cooled cylinder head.
The propeller shaft end of an aircraft engine is always the ___ end, regardless of how it is mounted in the aircraft.
When referring to the right or left side of the engine, always assume you are viewing it from the ____.
The heads of ____ come in four shapes including:
Hollow exhaust valves may be partially filled with ___ to aid in their cooling.
Valve ___ is the distance that valve is lifted off its seat.
Valve ____ is the length of time that valve is open.
The valve mechanism of a horizontally opposed engine is operated by a _____.
The camshaft on a horizontally opposed engine rotates at ____ the crankshaft speed.
The types of valve lifters used in aircraft engines include _____.
The ____ transmit the movement of the cam follower to the rocker arm.
One end of the ____ bears against the push rod and the other against the valve stem.
The valve mechanism of a radial engine is operated by one or more cam ____.
A four lobe cam ring on a nine cylinder engine will turn at ___ the crankshaft speed.
Hydraulic valve lifters are also known as ____ lifters.
The running valve clearance of hydraulic lifters is _____.
The direction of rotation between a propeller shaft and the crankshaft in an engine using a planetary gear reduction system is ____.
___-type propeller shafts are used on most modern horizontally opposed aircraft engines.
All heat engines convert ____ energy into ____ energy.
Basic types of heat engines are ____ and ___ combustion.
Exhaust Stroke, Intake
Valve overlap occurs at the end of the ____ and the beginning of the ____ stroke.
The product of Force X Distance is known as ____.
The rate of doing work is known as _____.
One horsepower is equal to ____ foot-pounds of work done in one minute, or ____ foot-pounds of work done in one second.
The horsepower delivered to the propeller shaft of an aircraft engine is called ____ horsepower.
The power required to rotate the engine and to compress the air is called ____ horsepower.
Brake horsepower + friction horsepower = ____ horsepower.
The nominal weight of aviation gasoline is ____ pounds per gallon.
The nominal heat energy content of one pound of aviation gasoline is ____ BTU.
One BTU of heat energy will perform ____ foot-pounds of work.
A normally aspirated aircraft engine typically ____ attain a volumetric efficiency of 100%.
As the temperature of the air increases, the density ____.
The ratio of brake horsepower to indicated horsepower is the ____ efficiency of the engine.
____ is the spontaneous combustion of the unburned charge ahead of the flame fronts after the ignition of the fuel/air charge in a reciprocating engine.
____ occurs when the fuel/air mixture ignites before the spark jumps across the terminals of the spark plug.
A serious loss of power and damage to exhaust valves in an aircraft engine can be cause by ____ ignition timings.
The Speed of Sound
In order to efficiently produce thrust, the tip speed of a propeller blade must not exceed ____.
RPM, Manifold Pressure
The two variables used by a pilot to control the amount of power an engine is producing are engine cylinder pressure, indicated as ____ and _____ respectively.
A typical reciprocating aircraft engine converts only about ____% of the heat energy released into useful work.
The resistance of an oil to flow is known as its _____.
Oil that flows freely has a ____ viscosity
The oil used in reciprocating engines has a relatively ____ viscosity.
The measure of the change in viscosity of oil with a given change in temperature is known as the _____.
High Viscosity Index
An engine lubricating oil whose viscosity changes very little for a given change in temperature has a _____.
The point at which a liquid will begin to give off ignitable vapors is known as the ____ point.
Aviation 80 engine oil has the same viscosity as SAE ____.
New/Overhauled engines, Older Engines.
The use of straight mineral oil in aircraft reciprocating engines is associated with what conditions?
The lubricating properties of straight mineral oil ____ as good those of ashless dispersant oil.
Synthetic lubricating oils are ____ viscosity oils.
If incompatible oil has been added to a turbine engine, it is often necessary to ___ and ___ the oil system before refilling with the proper oil.
Turbine engine oils ___ use a standard identification system.
Types of lubricating systems for reciprocating aircraft engines are ___ and ___ sump.
Pressure, Splash, Combination
The lubrication is distributed to the parts of a reciprocating engine by these methods _____.
The main disadvantage if a ____ engine are:
Oil supply limited by sump capacity
Cooling is more difficult
Oil temp. higher.
Oil, Tank Capacity
What markings must be on the oil filler cap?
Oil tanks used on engines equipped with Hydromatic propellers will feed the pressure pump from a standpipe, leaving a reserve of oil for _____.
A gear-type oil pump is a ____ displacement pump.
Constant-displacement oil pumps ____ require a relief valve to control their output pressure.
Types of oil filter systems are ____.
In the ____ filter system, only a portion of the oil is filtered each time it circulates.
The most popular filter in common use for general aviation aircraft is the disposable ____ filter.
The CUNO filter is an ____ filtration type oil filter.
The _____ valve determines which of the two possible paths the oil will take through a cooler.
When the oil is cold, it flow ___ the core of the oil cooler.
____ is a system installed on some reciprocating engines to aid in cold weather starting by introducing fuel into the oil system prior to shutdown.
Oil pressure is measured at the ____ of the engine driven oil pump.
Oil coolers are normally removed and thoroughly cleaned and inspected at _____.
The oil pressure on engines using an adjustable oil pressure relief may be increased by turning the adjustment screw _____.
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