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Americans Chapter 13 - The Roaring Life of the 1920's

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Prohibition
the banning of the manufacture, sale, and possession of alcoholic beverages
Speakeasy
a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
Bootlegger
person who smuggled alcoholic beverages into the United States during Prohibition
Clarence Darrow
defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial and argued that evolution should be taught in schools
Scopes Trial
a sensational 1925 court case in which the biology teacher John T. Scopes was tried for challenging a Tennessee law that outlawed the teaching of evolution
Flapper
one of the free-thinking young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920's
Double Standard
a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
Charles A. Lindbergh
made the first nonstop solo flights across the Atlantic
Georgia O'Keefe
artist who produced intensely colored canvases that captured the grandeur of New York
Sinclair Lewis
first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature
F. Scott Fitzgerald
coined the term "Jazz Age" to describe the 1920's and wrote This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby revealing the negative side of the period's gaiety and freedom
Edna St. Vincent Millay
poet who celebrated youth about free life away from restrictions
Ernest Hemingway
wounded in World War I and became the best-known expatriate author
Zora Neale Hurston
African American writer and folklore scholar who played a key role in the Harlem Renaissance
James Walden Johnson
poet, lawyer. and NAACP executive secretary
Marcus Garvey
immigrant from Jamaica who became an African American leader during the 1920's and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association
Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of African-American artistic creativity during the 1920's, centered in the Harlem community of New York City
Claude McKay
a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant who became a major figure in Harlem Renaissance, and urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination
Langston Hughes
a leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance and wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Paul Robeson
son of a one time slave who became a decorated actor
Louis Armstrong
leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians
Duke Ellington
jazz pianist and composer that became famous for his orchestra
Bessie Smith
was a famous blues singer and is the most notable vocalist of the decade
Fundamentalism
a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true