Pedagogy & Professional Responsibilities Test - 160
Terms in this set (80)
Standard 1: Designing Instruction & Assessment to Promote Student Learning
The teacher designs instruction appropriate for all students that reflects an understanding of relevant content and is based on continuous and appropriate assessment.
Appropriate Instruction Can Be Created If The Teacher...
Is knowledgeable of the developmental characteristics of learners across the grade level.
Teachers should be up to date on educational research in order to be able to best practice teaching and learning.
Teachers must work collaboratively and cooperatively with all employees at the school in order to be successful.
Decision Making Should Include...
Special Need Learners Include...
*Development in one domain can positively or negatively impact development in other domains
*Plan lessons with your students development in mind in order to meet their individual needs
Physical Growth Can Be Dependent On...
Prenatal Exposure to Drugs
Social & Emotional Growth Can Be Dependent On...
Lack of affection and attention, limited opportunity for verbal interactions, changes in family structure.
Cooperative Group Engagement
Developmental challenge and nurture each child as a whole. Help them with organizational skills, decision-making, goal-setting, putting away materials, self-initiated projects.
Keep students attention span in mind when planning
Create time for physical movement, spontaneous activities, quality learning, and rest
*All teachers must possess the knowledge and skills required to assist learning in students from all cultural, socioeconomic, and language backgrounds.
Are imperative for all students.
Personal Student Challenges
Self-Image, physical appearance, eating disorders, feeling of rebelliousness. Peers are a huge influence to students in school. Be mindful of risky behaviors (using tobacco, alcohol, drugs, gangs, misuse of technology)
*Some students begin to see themselves through the eyes of others
Must report to officials YOURSELF within 48 hours
Promote Challenging Learning & Development Through...
Emergence and refinement of abstract thinking and reasoning, reflective thinking, increased focus on the world beyond the school setting.
Reason & Think Logically
Organize Information Systematically
Pre-K --> Kindergarten
Active, motor development, frequent rest breaks, developing large muscles, developing hand eye coordination
Pre-operational, short attention span, self regulating patterns of language
Initiative vs Guilt, changes in friends, parallel play, enjoys sharing time and explorations and investigations, developing sense of choice and independence
Pre-conventional, frequent but brief disagreements, emotions are shown, teacher pleaser, need firm limits with consistency
Tend to be active, need to move around often, need frequent breaks, need rest periods, better muscle control, may be prone to accidents
Move from pre-operational to concrete, need variety of activities, ready to learn
Industry vs Inferiority, selective with friends, prefers organized games, focus on rules, argue frequently, tattletale
Sensitive to criticism and rejection, eager to please, sensitive to others
Boy and Girl Differences, Maintain focus for longer periods of time, more control of fine and large muscles
Move from concrete to abstract thinking, still needs hands-on learning
Interested in peer groups, industry vs inferiority stage, care more about what peers think than parents and teachers.
Identity vs Role moving into Intimacy vs Isolation
Get parents excited!
Reach out to them at sporting events.
Make sure you work as a team.
Motivate students with your enthusiasm for teaching
Send notes home and by email.
Understand their cultural/situational/socioeconomic differences!
Use Journals so that students can think independently and reflect on what they have learned.
Use lots of technology and let them use it too!
Focus on time management for you and them.
Make Connections with them!
The teacher understands human development processes and applies this knowledge to plan instruction and ongoing assessment that motivate students and are responsive to their developmental characteristics and needs.
Pre-operational - schemata are formed
Concrete Operations - mentally reverse actions
Assimilate - New learning into old
Disequilibrium - when we learn
Egocentric - Think only about yourself and have a hard time seeing things from someone else's POV
Age 4-5 = Initiative vs Guilt
Age 6+ = Industry vs Inferiority
Stages of Moral Development
4 Levels of Reasoning
1. No sense of responsibility or right/wrong
2. Obedience/Punishment, only thinks about personal consequences
3. Instrumental Orientation, my needs come first
4. Good Boy/Good Girl
Put yourself in someone else's shoes, pleasing people and being nice are now important
Hierarchy of Human Needs
Must be successful in order to get to the next level
1. Basic Human Needs (Look for Abuse)
2. Safety Needs (Feel safe at home and at school)
3. Sense of belonging (gangs)
4. Sense of self worth (anxiety with self)
Major Focus Points
The teacher understands student diversity and knows how to plan learning experiences and design assessments that are responsive to differences among students and that promote all students' learning
Accept and respect students with diverse backgrounds and needs.
Invite parents to come in and speak about their families culture, create projects for students to complete about traditions and foods from their culture.
Create a sense of belonging in your classroom culture.
*Developing in students sense that the classroom is a learning community is vital to the development of diverse perspectives and to an appreciation of social justice.
Generational and Situational Poverty
The teacher understands procedures for designing effective and coherent instruction and assessment based on appropriate learning goals and objectives.
*It is not enough to have taught the TEKS, your students need to have learned the TEKS.
Pre & Post
Rubrics & Checklists
Use these to analyze students' strengths and needs
STAR is a criterion referenced test
Meaningful Learning Must Include...
Time to engage in reflection, self-assessment, and closure
Create hands-on experiences and activities that involve the whole body and mind.
First, determine where your learner is
Next, build off of that
The teacher understands learning processes and factors that impact student learning and demonstrates this knowledge by planning effective, engaging instruction, and appropriate assessments.
Lessons are meaningful and relevant
Work on study skills
promote higher order thinking
Facilitator and Lecturer (Balance)
Auditory, Visual, Tactile, Kinesthetic
When a teacher is bored so...STAY MOTIVATED!!!
Standard II: Creating a Positive, Productive Classroom Environment
The teacher creates a classroom environment of respect and rapport that fosters a positive climate for learning, equity, and excellence.
Critical to the learning outcomes of your students.
It also has a direct impact on student motivation.
The center of your room can be
Teacher focused or Student Focused
Clustered Desks Create...
Great group work, conversation, and cooperative learning activities.
Your Classroom Should...
Have lots of space for movement
The teacher knows how to establish a classroom climate that fosters learning equity, and excellence and uses this knowledge to create a physical and emotional environment that is safe and productive.
The teacher understands strategies for creating an organized and productive learning environment and for managing student behavior.
Have a balance of restful and active moments with little ones
More variety is needed for older students
Create classroom rules together at the beginning of the year and be firm with following through with them
Says teachers need to know everything that is going on in the classroom
Teach students to think
Cooperatively rather than competitively
Focus on getting the behavior under control and then work on appropriate redirection.
Standard III: Implementing Effective, Responsive Instruction, & Assessment
The teacher promotes student learning by providing responsive instruction that makes use of effective communication techniques, instructional strategies that actively engage students in the learning process, and timely, high-quality feedback.
Horizontal and Vertical
Will help you to understand where your students are.
Activities < Instructional Goals
Use lots of hands-on activities and technology
Should be given within 2 days
Try to conference with all students
Schedule a time so that it will happen
The teacher understands and applies principles and strategies for communicating effectively in varied teaching and learning outcomes.
Is KEY with your students, their parents, and your TEAM
Provide wait time
Communication can also be nonverbal
The teacher provides appropriate instruction that actively engages students in the learning process.
The teacher incorporates the effective use of technology to plan, organize, deliver, and evaluate instruction for all students.
The teacher monitors student performance and achievement; provides students with timely, high-quality feedback; and responds flexibly to promote learning for all students.
Can ONLY be used for school purposes
Standard IV: Fulfilling Professional Roles and Responsibilities
The teacher fulfills professional roles and responsibilities and adheres to the legal and ethical requirements of the profession.
Texas Code of Ethics and Standard Practices for Texas Educators
Includes everything teacher need to know about ethics
The safest way to avoid this is to use pictures that YOU have taken
You are a role model to your students
Show them that you value learning as much as you preach to them by reading professional journals and such!
First Contract = Term Contract
Then... You get a Continuing Tenure Contract
Least Restrictive Environmetn
The teacher understands the importance of family involvement in children's education and knows how to interact and communicate effectively with families.
Parent Teacher Conference
Become a TEAM
Start with a pro, talk about the cons, end with a pro
The teacher enhances professional knowledge and skills by effectively interacting with other members of the educational community and participating in various types of professional activities.
The teacher understands and adheres to legal and ethical requirements for educators and is knowledgeable of the structure of education in Texas.
Family Rights and Privacy Act
The right for parents to see their child's grades
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