18 terms

Ch 3 The Constitution

(Some terms from Ch 4 Federalism)
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Terms in this set (...)

rule of law
The concept of limited government is also described as _____, which holds that government and its officers are always subject to, never above, the law.
separation of powers
In the U.S. system, the three basic powers (legislative, executive and judicial) are distributed among three distinct and independent branches of the government. This concept is known as _____.
checks & balances
Although the concept of separation of powers is valid, the three branches of government in the U.S. system are not entirely separated nor completely independent of one another; rather, they are tied together by a complex system of _____.
judicial review
The power of ____ is the power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of government actions. (The power to declare an action or law constitutional or unconstitutional—legal or illegal. Marbury v. Madison (1803
Bill of Rights
Collectively, the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the ____; they set out the constitutional guarantees of freedom of belief and expression, freedom and security of the person . . .
formal amendment
A ____ is a change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the Constitution itself. There are 27 of these added to our Constitution.
informal amendment
Over time, many changes have been made to the Constitution which have not involved any changes in its written words. Instead, these changes have been made by Congress, the President, the Supreme Court, political parties and custom. Any change made in this manner is said to be an _____.
federalism
____ is a system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a national government and several regional governments (States).
delegated powers
The National government is a government of ____; it has only those powers granted it in the Constitution.
expressed powers
The ____ are those powers delegated to the National Government in so many words--spelled out expressly in the Constitution. i.e. the power to coin money.
implied powers
The ____ are not expressly stated in the Constitution, but are reasonably suggested by the expressed powers. i.e. building idams and interstate highways.
inherent powers
The ____ are those powers that belong to the National Government because it is the national government of a sovereign state;they are powers that all national governments possess. i.e. regulate immigration, national defense.
reserved powers
The National Government is a government of delegated powers it has only those powers granted it in the Constitution. whereas the ____ are those powers the Constitution grants to the States through the 10th Amendment.
supremacy clause
The _____ declares that the Constitution and the laws and treaties of the U.S. are "the supreme law of the land" with the Constitution standing above all other forms of law in the U.S.
republican (form of) government
A ____ is representative democracy. A system of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable by peeriodic elections; supreme authority rests with the people.
sovereignty
Every state (the dominant political unit in the world) has ____, the supreme and absolute power within its own territory to decide its own foreign and domestic policies. The 50 States that make up the U.S. only have a limited amount.
popular sovereignty
____ is the principle that government can exist and function only with the consent of the governed; that the people rule and all political power resides with them. Elections/voting are examples of this power
limited government
When government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights that government can not take away; this concept is called _____.