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chapters 1-3 Ap. Government
vocabulary for chapters 1-3 in the book called TENTH EDITION American Government by James Q. Wilson and John J. Dilulio, Jr.
Terms in this set (38)
The ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions.
the right to use power
political authority conferred by law or by state or national constitution.
the rule of the many
direct or participatory democracy
A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote.
persons who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power.
view that the government is dominated by capitalists.
power elite view
view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of who are outside the government.
view that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
the belief that competition among all affected interests shares public policy
a human right based on nature or god.
articles of confederation
a weak constitution that governed America during the revolutionary war.
meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
proposal to create a strong national government
New Jersey Plan
proposal to create a weak national government
Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-elected Senate, with two members for each state.
A government in which elected representatives make the decisions.
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
government authority shared by national and state government
checks and balances
authority shared by three branches of government
power given to the national government alone.
powers given to the state government alone
powers shared by the national and state governments
separation of powers
constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of government
a group with a distinct political interest
THOSE WHO FAVOR A STRONGER NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
those who favor a weaker national government
an alliance of factioins
an order to produce an arrested person before a judge
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
bill of rights
first ten amendments to the constitution
a new provision in the constitution that has been ratified by the state
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
the effort to transfer responsibility from the federal government to the states
money from the national government to spend
''necessary and proper'' clause
(enumerated) by the constitution
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