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Terms in this set (142)
An inability to perform rapidly alternating movements, such as forearm supination and pronation or elbow flexion and extension.
The inability to recognize objects by vision, hearing, touch or proprioception despite intact senses.
The loss of the ability to recognize numbers, letters, or forms written on the skin.
Difficulty in writing.
Difficulty in reading.
Hair loss, sometimes resulting from chemotherapy.
complete loss of pain sensation.
Total inability to recognize deficits.
An acquired language disorder that may result in a wide variety of deficits in verbal comprehension, reading comprehension, oral expression, written expression, ability to interpret gestures, or mathematical skills.
An impairment in the ability to perform purposeful movement, despite normal motor power, sensation, coordination and general comprehension.
A severe loss of body scheme. The pt. has a diminished awareness and recognition of a body structure or part and cannot determine the body part's relationship to the rest of his/her body.
The inability to identify an object through proprioception, cognition and the sense of touch. Patients with this diagnosis must rely on their vision when using hands.
Visual diagnosis in which light cannot be focused clearly because the cornea is not totally spherical but instead is more spoon-shaped.
Impaired gross coordination and gait.
Movements without stability which are slow, wormlike and arrhythmical. Generally affects the distal portions of the extremities.
Repeated performance of the same motor skill.
Loss of both expressive and receptive language skills.
The awareness of body parts and the position of the body and its parts in relation to themselves and the environment.
Slowness of movement.
A bed mobility skill called for pushing up in bed with knee and hip flexion.
Visual impairment involving a gradual painless loss of vision, as if the person is seeing through plastic wrap. Glare in an issue.
A pain of great intensity, commonly a result of injury to the brachial plexus, median and ulnar nerves.
Incompletely regenerated nerve endings and fibers at the site where the peripheral nerve was damages (phantom pain).
Uncontrolled, irregular, purposeless, quick, jerky and dysrhythmical movements of variable distribution that may also occur during sleep.
Occurs when opposing muscles (usually those surrounding a joint) contract simultaneously, resulting in stabilization of the joint.
A rhythmic "give" occurs in the resistance throughout the ROM, similar to the feeling of turning a cogwheel.
Thinking in a very literal manner.
The ability to see relationships between objects, events, or ideas; to discriminate relevant from irrelevant detail; or to recognize absurdities.
A deficit in the ability to copy, draw, or construct a design, whether on command or spontaneously.
Audible noise from a joint.
Full body extension.
Full body flexion.
Extreme disturbances of arousal, attention, orientation, perception, intellectual function, and affect, commonly accompanied by fear and agitation.
Loss of myelin in multiple areas.
Scar tissue, hardening.
Divided attention deficit
The individual cannot process all the information required for task completion and becomes "overloaded". Typically responds by reverting to focused attention.
Faulty speech production: explosive or slurred speech caused by the incoordination of the speech mechanism.
A deficit in the ability to perform simple calculations.
Inability to estimate the ROM necessary to reach the target of movement.
Lack of oxygen.
Abnormally increased or decreased response to physiologic stimuli.
Meaning "faulty working together", a decomposition of movement in which voluntary movements are broken into their component parts and appear jerky.
Faulty muscle tension or tone.
An individual's personal history and lifetime of experiences.
To fill in memory gaps with imaginary material.
Memory for a skill or series of actions.
The general fund of knowledge shared by groups of people, such as language and rules of social behavior.
A person's ability to recite or reproduce information, or recall.
The ability to remember events that are set to occur at some future time, such as appointments.
Higher order reasoning and planning functions, such as goal formation, planning, implementing the plan and effective performance.
Scapular adduction and elevation, shoulder abduction and external rotation, elbow flexion, forearm supination, wrist flexion and finger flexion in the upper extremity. Hip flexion, abduction and external rotation, knee flexion, and ankle dorsiflexion in the lower extremity.
Minute (tiny) muscle contractions occurring in peripheral nerve injuries.
Difficulty naming fingers on command or identifying which finger has been touched.
Scapular abduction and depression, shoulder adduction and internal rotation, elbow extension, forearm pronation and wrist finger flexion or extension in upper extremity. Hip extension, adduction, internal rotation, Knee: extension, Ankle: plantar flexion and inversion, Toes: plantar flexion in lower extremity.
The practitioner allows the client to perform the first step independently and then assists the client in performing the rest of the steps.
Spindle-shaped swelling, found in PIP joints of RA patients.
The practitioner provides assistance through all the steps of the activity and then allows the client to perform the last step independently.
Generalization of learning
Practice under variable conditions.
Pinching of the optic nerve, caused by increased pressure within the eye. Results in a gradual loss of peripheral vision, but central vision remains intact.
The loss of visual field in the corresponding right or left half in each eye. Most common visual impairment observed after CVA.
One sided paralysis.
Partial motor loss on one side of the body.
The brain's left hemisphere is primarily responsible for language, time concepts, and analytical thinking whereas the right hemisphere primarily controls visual-perceptual skills and perception of the whole.
Bone that develops in abnormal anatomical locations.
Diminished pain sensation.
Administration of nutrients through intravenous feeding.
Increased tactile sensitivity or hypersensitivity.
An image comes into focus behind the retina, causing it to remain out of focus on the retina. Also call farsightedness.
Increased muscle tone, also called spasticity.
Hard, red, collagenous bundle of connective tissue raised above the surface of a burn wound.
Decreased or dulled sensation or hyposensitivity.
Little finger side of the hand.
Thumb side of the hand.
A decrease in muscle tone, also called flaccidity.
The inability to comprehend the concept of the movement or to execute the act in response to a command or automatically.
The inability to plan or perform a motor skill.
The ability to monitor, correct and regulate the quality of his behavior.
Occurs during voluntary movement, is often intensified at the termination of movement and is often seen in patient with MS. Patients with this deficit may have difficulty performing tasks that require accuracy and precision of limb placement.
Fractures occurring between the greater and lesser trochanter and outside the articular capsule of the hip joint.
Exercise applied to specific situations such as in arthritis, when joint motion may be contraindicated and for cardiovascular precautions. Any activity that requires holding or static posture incorporates this type of exercise.
The patient moves the joint through its available ROM with or without resistance.
The conscious sense of motion.
Central visual loss is gradual and painless, but peripheral vision stays intact.
Pathological loss of the myelin surrounding a nerve.
Weakness or sensory loss.
The image of an object is focused at a pint in front of the retina and is blurred when it reaches the retina. Also referred to as nearsightedness.
Contusion or bruise of the nerve.
A severe impairment of the immune response with decreased resistance to infection.
Involuntary movement of the eyeballs in an up-and-down, back-and-forth, or rotating direction.
A rapid decrease in blood pressure upon change of body positioning.
Paralysis of the lower extremities.
Abnormal sensation such as tingling or crawling.
The therapist moves the joint through the available ROM and holds momentarily, applying a gentle but firm force or stretch at the end of the ROM.
Often seen in Parkinson's
Age related changes or reduced elasticity of the lens of the eye.
Any degree of paralysis of the four limbs and trunk musculature.
Applied by holding the proximal bony prominences of the limb to be stretched while moving the distal joint in one direction.
Random Sequence Practice
Involves not only repetition of the same motor patterns but also the formulation of plans to solve motor problems.
Present in the absence of voluntary movement (occurs when the patient is not moving).
Opening from the surgically resected site to the outside of the body.
Occur because of direct trauma, 1-2 inches below the lesser trochanter.
Wrist flexion with finger extension, wrist extension with finger flexion.
Same meaning as quadriplegia
Above the knee amputation (AKA).
Transient Ischemic Attack
Below the knee amputation (BKA).
How clearly the human eye can discriminate detail and contrast.
Fixating gaze on an image for as long as required, and shifting to other objects as needed.
Reception of complete visual information in the environment in all areas.
The brain's ability to create and retain a mental image of the observed object in the mind's eye and store a visual image temporarily in short-term memory.
Shifting attention from one vision target to another in smooth succession so that the person continues to see the image clearly no matter how much the eyes move.
Quick, repetitive, alternate contraction of the agonist and antagonist muscles.
Transfer of the id drive to another object.
An action, usually repetitive and compulsive in nature and often self-destructive, that serves the unconscious purpose of resolving a repressed internal conflict by external means.
Refusing to believe something that causes anxiety.
Believing that an unacceptable feeling of one's own belongs to someone else.
Making excuses for unacceptable behavior or feelings.
Conflicts turned into real physical symptoms.
Functioning at a more primitive developmental level than previously; going back to an immature pattern of behavior.
Trying to reverse the effects of what one has done by doing the opposite.
Overestimating someone or valuing him or her more than the real personality and person seem to merit.
Adopting the habits or characteristics of another person.
Unacceptable wished channeled into socially acceptable activities.
A realistic goal or object substituted for one that cannot be achieved.
Efforts to make up for personal deficits; this can also be a
The ability to tell the difference between reality and fantasy and to share the same general ideas about reality that most people do.
Hallucination, delusions, loosening of associations, and grossly disorganized speech and behavior.
Apathy and generally unexpressive mood (flat affect), lack of goal-directed behavior (avolition), deterioration of hygiene, diminished functioning and participation in daily life, social isolation and psychomotor slowing.
A movement disorder caused by side-effects of neuroleptic medication.
The most serious side-effect of neuroleptics, characterized by facial movements, writhing movement of the tongue, and small writhing motions of the fingers. Considered a medical emergency.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
A rare but life-threatening side effect of neuroleptic medication, characterized by extreme rigidity and catatonia. Considered a medical emergency.
Irregular heartbeat, can be caused as a side effect of antidepressants. Considered a medical emergency.
Restless leg syndrome, can be caused as a side effect of antipsychotic medications.
Muscular weakness and fatigue, reduction of movement, can be caused as a side effect of antipsychotic medications.
Increased threat of sunburn, can be caused as a side effect of neuroleptic medication.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
OTA - Frames of Reference
Phys Dys Ch 28 Neurogenic and Myopathic Dysfunction
Phys Dys CH 33 Amputation and Prosthetics
OTA for Adults Final
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