Review Ch. #2
Terms in this set (90)
Interpersonal therapy focuses on
social roles and relationships.
Which of the following living environments would likely increase your chances of suffering from seasonal affective disorder (SAD)?
A northern state that experiences harsh winters
A person who experiences persistent and sometimes extreme emotional states is suffering from a(n)
chronic mood disorder.
According to Maslow's hierarchy, individuals who have satisfied their basic needs and have attained their full potential are
Which habit is key to physical and psychological health because it affects the functioning of neurotransmitters in the body?
Getting enough sleep
A state of ongoing worry that may cause restlessness, tension, and sleep disturbances is the condition known as
generalized anxiety disorder.
Belief in your ability to perform a task successfully is called
Writing down five positive traits about yourself and resisting your inner critic is an exercise in
Anxiety disorders have become the
most common mental health problem in the United States.
Studies have found no evidence of a genetic basis for happiness.
Being flexible in making plans with friends demonstrates
College students are
more likely to commit suicide than to die in a car accident.
Spiritually healthy people believe that they are
part of a larger purpose.
Children raised in dysfunctional families who have experienced violence or abuse may have a harder time adjusting to life and run an increased risk of psychological problems.
According to the National Cancer Institute, spiritual well-being improves the quality of life of individuals suffering from an illness by
increasing the ability to cope with disease and medical treatments.
A single word repeated silently or aloud as part of meditation is a
An acute anxiety attack that brings on intense physical symptoms is a(n)
A type of mental illness that involves inflexible patterns of thought and in many cases, inappropriate behavior is a(n)
The term social health is often used interchangeably with mental health.
People who have experienced repeated failures may develop a pattern of response in which they give up and fail to take any positive action. This is called
The three facets of spirituality are relationships, values, and chosen occupation.
Which of the following statements is NOT true about an individual's emotional health?
An emotionally healthy person keeps feelings inside to avoid burdening others.
Spiritual health is one of the six key dimensions of
Sharon has lost two jobs in the past year. She blames her coworkers, who she says didn't like her. She claims that they were purposely trying to sabotage her and that she did absolutely nothing wrong. From her behavior, it is likely that Sharon has developed
Paulo has a persistent and unreasonable fear of spiders. He could be displaying symptoms of a(n)
The definition of spirituality for an individual is
a quest for peace, purpose, and meaning in life.
If you are experiencing a stressful period in your life, which measures are recommended by the Mayo Clinic to help you cope and enhance your level of happiness?
Surround yourself with positive people and practice positive self-talk.
At the end of each day, Anne writes down five positive affirmations about herself to block out any negative thoughts. Anne is demonstrating
Cutting or self-mutilation is a symptom of borderline personality disorder.
A person who is content with life, usually feels good, and has an uplifting sense of inner peace is experiencing subjective well-being.
Prayer is a way to
communicate with a transcendent presence or higher power.
A term used to encompass mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health is
Which of the following is TRUE of Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
Failure to meet a lower-level need will interfere with fulfilling higher-level needs.
Which of the following situations would be likely to boost your self-esteem?
Keeping in contact with old friends and family members
Giving of oneself out of genuine concern for others is
Keeping in touch with your best friend from high school is one way of enhancing your social health.
Having spiritual intelligence means that a person knows all the characteristics of spirituality.
Marcella has a persistent fear of social situations; she is suffering from
Religion is distinguished from spirituality due to its
focus on community.
Dysthymic disorder is a mild form of chronic depression that may be exhibited by a lack of energy, a short temper, and a general sense of pessimism.
Which of the following is TRUE about depression in college students?
Many students do not seek help for depression because of the stigma associated with seeing a counselor.
Which of the following is TRUE about dysthymic disorder?
It is a mild but chronic form of depression.
Which of the following is TRUE with respect to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)?
ADHD makes it more difficult to relate to others.
Recent studies indicate that fostering self-esteem in children can lead to increased
In the practice of yoga, physical poses, which can be restful or strenuous, are called
You can expect a therapist to
ask you about your history and various aspects of your life.
All of the following are common side effects of antidepressant medications EXCEPT
Treatment for schizophrenia includes hospitalization and a combination of
medication and psychotherapy.
A treatment for depression that involves correcting consistently pessimistic thought patterns is
Psychoneuroimmunology studies the effects of disease on emotional health.
Which of the following is TRUE about panic attacks?
They can lead to social isolation.
Which of the following is TRUE of psychologically healthy people?
They value human diversity.
Behavioral therapy focuses on changing a person's habitual attitudes to become more positive and productive.
Which of the following represents the primary difference between emotional health and mental health?
Emotional health deals with feelings rather than thought processes.
Which of the following statements about schizophrenia is TRUE?
Schizophrenia is a biological disease of the brain.
The personality trait that involves the ability to adapt to a social situation and demonstrate assertiveness is known as
What role does religion play in spirituality?
Spirituality may or may not include participation in organized religion.
Claiming to value nature but tossing litter on the side of the road is an example of behavior not following one's declared values.
Religion and spirituality are synonymous.
Melissa has been diagnosed with a social phobia. This means she has a fear of
public events and gatherings.
Intense feelings or patterns of feelings that people experience are
A person's sense of self-respect or self-worth is referred to as
Which of the following is TRUE about a major depressive disorder?
Symptoms include physical exhaustion and an inability to concentrate.
Which type of disorder disrupts thoughts, feelings, moods, and behavior to the extent that it interferes with daily life?
quieting the mind's noise to find stillness.
Social bonds can
provide a sense of belonging and reassure an individual of his or her worth.
Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often have difficulty
A person who experiences flashbacks after a violent mugging is suffering from
post-traumatic stress disorder.
The mental health professional who can prescribe medications to treat mental disorders is a
People with a major depressive disorder experience a chronic mood disorder characterized by persistent sadness, despair, and hopelessness.
Studies have shown that experienced meditators have an increased capacity for
Warning signs of suicide include all of the following EXCEPT
renewed sexual interest.
Which of the following is TRUE about laughter?
It reduces levels of stress hormones.
Emotional health can affect other dimensions of psychological health.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is associated with
reduced exposure to sunlight.
Recently, Kevin has been spending a lot of time playing online poker. Last weekend, he decided on a whim to fly to Las Vegas to try his hand at "the real thing." He lost over $5,000. This behavior indicates that Kevin may have
borderline personality disorder.
Parents who show extreme nervousness at the prospect of having to attend a large social gathering will have no influence on the likelihood of their child developing an anxiety disorder later in life.
Our personalities can be altered through behavior change.
The quality of a social bond influences the level of
social support received.
Engaging all the physical senses detracts from spirituality.
Evan washes his hands more than 50 times a day because of an ongoing fixation on germs; he is suffering from
A mentally healthy student who gets a bad grade on an exam would respond by
learning from the situation and improving study habits.
A network of people who share ties and provide various types of support for each other is
Psychological health is a complex interaction of
thoughts, feelings, and personal experiences.
A psychologically healthy person is
The EPA recognizes actions such as recycling, using more energy-efficient appliances, and reducing energy consumption as
Which of the following is NOT a common sign of major depression (clinical depression)?
Feeling highly energetic
People with bipolar disorder display a limited range of emotions.
Suicide prevention techniques include
asking directly if the person intends to hurt himself or herself.
Principles that guide the choices individuals make in their lives are
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