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Ecosystems and Communites (chapter 4)
Terms in this set (40)
The single-celled algae found in aquatic ecosystems are known as
differences in altitudes
Which factor does NOT affect Earth's climate zones?
In which biome would the caribou and snowy owl be most likely to live?
The region of the ocean in which photosynthesis occurs is called the
Each of the following is an abiotic factor in the environment EXCEPT? (plant life, soil type, rainfall, temperature)
the intertidal zone
An aquatic ecosystem in which zonation is often easy to observe is
Which factor divides freshwater ecosystems into two main types?
After a volcanic eruption, which organisms are the most likely to appear on the newly exposed surface?
A relationship between organisms in which one species benefits and the other is not affected is
Which ecosystem does not belong with the others? (tundra, estuary, rain forest, boreal forest)
The type of community interaction that involves one species living in or on another organism and harming the other organism is called
A group of communities on land that covers a large area and is characterized by certain soil and climate is referred to as a(an)
The situation in which atmospheric gases trap the sun's heat and keep Earth's surface warm is called _
latitude and angle of heating
Earth's three main climate zones are the results of ___
The average yearly condition of temperature and precipitation in a region is called _
A physical factor that influences an ecosystem is called __
When one organism captures and eats another it is referred to as _
The first species to live in an area of primary succession are called _-
The area where an organism lives is its __
The ability of organisms to survive and reproduce under less than optimal conditions is called _
climate causing factors
trapping of heat by the atmosphere, the transport of heat by winds and ocean currents, amount of precipitation, shape and elevation of landmasses .
Day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place.
What is considered the world's insulating blanket?
trap heat energy and maintain earth's temperature range
What effect do carbon dioxide, methane, and a few other atmospheric gases have on Earth's temperature?
What is the location on the Earth, where the sun is almost directly overhead at noon all year?
biotic and abiotic factors together determine
They determine the survival and growth of an organism and the productivity of the ecosystem in which the organism lives.
A species' place in the food web, the abiotic conditions it needs to survive, and the way it reproduces are all factors that determines its
This occurs when organisms of the same or different species attempt to use an ecological resource in the same place at the same time.
This is any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food, or space.
a winner and a loser
What is often the result of direct competition in nature?
competitive exclusion principle
The disappearance of a population in a given niche as a result of direct competition with another species for a resources is called ___
When predation occurs, what is the organism called that does the killing and eating?
When predation occurs, what is the organism that is considered a food source called?
___ is any relationship in which two species live closely together.
The organism from which a parasite obtains nutritional needs is called a(an) _
The type of community interaction that involves one species benefits, and the other is neither helped nor harmed.
A form of symbiosis in which both organisms benefit is called _
The series of predictable changes that occurs in a community of time (biotic development).
secondary succession follows
When a disturbance changes a community without removing the soil, what will happen ?
What is another name for tropical savannas?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
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