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Describe conditions in the Roman Empire during the 5th century
The collapse of the empire inaugerated a period of decline in the West as the old world passed away and confusion reigned as the basis for a new order had yet to coalesce.
How did Ulphilas influence the Germanic tribes and Christianity?
The Goths, Burgundians, Lombards, and Vandals were all converted to Arian Christianity because of Ulphilas.
How did Germanic invasions change Christian attitude in the 5th century?
They were discouraged at the fall of the empire, but they took refuge from the chaos in a form of asceticism, from which monasticism emerged
How is Christian monasticism unique?
Men and women who enter the monastic life model themselves on Jesus Christ by dedicating themselves to prayer and joyful penance.
How is the eremitical life structred?
In the early days, monks withdrew themselves to the desert to lead a contemplitive life.
What two orders have taken much of their inspiration from eremitical monasticism?
Carmelites and Carthusians
What was a common problem of early hermits in Eygpt?
Word of their holiness spread, so people went to join them, ruining their solitude
Name three effects of monasticism on Europe.
Recovery and evangelization of rural society, intellectual growth, and civilization of the Germanic peoples
What are the chief qualities that lend the "Rule of St. Benedict" to harmonious religious life?
The Rule is lauded for its spirit of peace and love, as well as moderation in ascetical life.
In what ways was Pope Gregory I a historical marker?
His papacy is often used as a marker for the beginning of the Medieval Age
What title did Pope Greg I use during his papacy?
"Servus servorum Dei", or "servant of the servants of God"
What is the name of the creedal statement of Islam? (Hint: one of the 5 Pillars of Islam)
What did JP2 say about Islam?
While Islam gives some of the most beautiful names to God, God for them is distant, and Islam is not a religion of redemption.
What is the name for the alms required by Islam for purification (Hint: one of the 5 Pillars of Islam)
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