How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

15 terms

Cell Functions

STUDY
PLAY
vacuole
stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)
vesicle
stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)
lysosome
breaks down and recycles macromolecules
cytoskeleton
maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move; found in plant and animal cells
microfilaments
threadlike structures made up of actin; form extensive networks in cells; produce a tough flexible framework that supports cell
microtubules
hollow structures made up of proteins known as tubulins; play critical roles in maintaining cell shape; form a structure known as the mitotic spindle, which helps to separate chromosomes
endoplasmic reticulum
assembles proteins and lipids; found in animal and plant cells
ribosomes
synthesize proteins; found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes
golgi apparatus
modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and lipids for storage or transport out of the cell; found in plant and animal cells
cell wall
shapes, supports, and protects the cell; found in prokaryotes and plant cells
cell membrane
regulates materials entering and leaving cell; protects and supports cell; found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes
cytoplasm
contains organelles; fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus; found in all cells
nucleus
contains DNA; found in eukaryotes
mitochondria
convert chemical energy in food to usable compounds; found in plant and animal cells
chloroplasts
convert solar energy to chemical energy stored in food; found in plant cells