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stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)


stores materials; found in plant and animal cells (eukaryotes)


breaks down and recycles macromolecules


maintains cell shape; moves cell parts; helps cells move; found in plant and animal cells


threadlike structures made up of actin; form extensive networks in cells; produce a tough flexible framework that supports cell


hollow structures made up of proteins known as tubulins; play critical roles in maintaining cell shape; form a structure known as the mitotic spindle, which helps to separate chromosomes

endoplasmic reticulum

assembles proteins and lipids; found in animal and plant cells


synthesize proteins; found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes

golgi apparatus

modifies, sorts, and packages proteins and lipids for storage or transport out of the cell; found in plant and animal cells

cell wall

shapes, supports, and protects the cell; found in prokaryotes and plant cells

cell membrane

regulates materials entering and leaving cell; protects and supports cell; found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes


contains organelles; fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus; found in all cells


contains DNA; found in eukaryotes


convert chemical energy in food to usable compounds; found in plant and animal cells


convert solar energy to chemical energy stored in food; found in plant cells

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