Government Chapter 6 Assessment
Terms in this set (32)
The right to vote
All of the people entitled to vote in a given election
A procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting
A special tax, demanded by States, as a condition of voting
A court order that forces or limits the performance of some ACT by a private individual or by a public official
The Congressional elections held in the even-numbered Years, between presidential elections
One's own influence or Effectiveness on politics
Process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
Practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
Term used to identify those people who have no party affiliation
Suffrage and ____ mean approximately the same thing.
A(n) ___ is a court order that can be used to compel a public official to carry out a law.
Some people do not have a sense of____ and therefore do not bother to vote.
Voters with a strong allegiance to a party often engage in____ when they go to the polls.
What two long-term trends Mark the expansion of the American electorate?
The elimination of several restrictions, a significant share of what was originally the state's power over the right to vote has gradually been assumed by the federal government
What are the five stages of extension suffrage?
1. 1810: religious restrictions disappeared
2. 1870: 15th amendment
3. 1820: tax required ended
4. 1920: voting on women disappeared
5. 1971: adoption of the 26th amendment allows citizens 18 years and older the right to vote
What are the Constitutional restrictions on the power of the states to set voting qualifications?
1. Any person whom a state allows to vote for members of the most numerous branch of its own legislature must also be allowed to vote for representatives and senators in congress
2. No State can deprive any person the right to vote on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
3. No State can deprive any person of the right to vote based on gender
4. No state is allowed to administer poll tax
5. No State can deprive any person the right to vote because of age if at least 18
What are the universal requirements for voting in the United States?
Age, citizenship, residency
For what two reasons did states adopt residents requirements for voting?
1. To prevent non-citizens from voting
2. Helps find out if a person is or was a criminal or mentally incompetent because they are not allowed to vote
What is a literacy requirement for voting, and how was it used to deny suffrage to certain groups?
Being able to read and write, they would ask black stay really hard question on theology or something about the Constitution and then ask the next guy in line to write the letter o
What is a grandfather clause, and what was its purpose in literacy tests?
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867. So that all the white men could vote and the black men could not
How did Congress require states to ease the registration requirements in 1993?
Allstate, except North Dakota, must provide registration for eligible voters when they renew or apply for a new drivers license, through the mail, and at State social service agencies ( State Employment, welfare, ...).
(a) what was the purpose of the 15th Amendment?
Citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
(b) list three ways that some Southern States tried to circumvent the 15th Amendment .
gave harder literacy test, whites would yell at them, made poll taxes higher
To whom does the Civil Rights Commission report its findings?
Congress, the President, and the public through media
How did dr. Martin Luther King Junior's voter registration Drive affect the passage of national civil rights legislation?
In August 1963, King and other civil rights leaders organized the largest-ever march on Washington, DC. Addressing hundreds etc.
Explain two key provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
Federal law that increased government supervision of local election practices, suspended the use of literacy test to prevent people, usually African Americans from voting, and expanded government efforts to register voters.
(a) what is a non-voting voter?
Votes for something on a ballot but not everything
(b) how is this phenomenon related to so-called "ballot fatigue"?
People only vote for the things on the top of the ballot instead of looking at the choices on the bottom. They don't believe they have the knowledge or they have lost patience.
Describe three differences between voters and non-voters
Voters live up to their requirements and they usually have decided on a party.
Non-voters have reasons they don't have a vote or because they are just lazy, they don't care, think their vote won't matter, don't trust the government, and are mentally insane
Other differences: Income, education, occupation, community status, age, geography, party affiliation
Explain how income, education, and age usually affect party affiliation
The Republicans tend to attract more high-income members. The least education probably tend to vote for the Democrats because they tend to be the most reliant on social services which the Democrats traditionally favor
Explain how party identification develops, and how it affects the way individuals vote.
Party identification develops based on their surroundings, and it affects who people vote for, information they're obtained, social and psychological factors.