101 terms

Mr. Murphy's Constitution Study Guide

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number of women at the Constitutional Convention?
0
number of African-Americans at the Constitutional Convention?
0
number of Native-Americans at the Constitutional Convention?
Philadelphia
what city was the Constitutional Convention held in?
1787
what year was the Constitution written?
James Madison
who is known as the Father of the Constitution?
Preamble
what is the first sentence in the Constitution called?
Preamble
where are the goals and objectives of the Constitution written?
amendment 1
what amendment says that we have freedom of speech?
amendment 1
what amendment says that we have freedom of religion?
amendment 1
what amendment says that we have the right to assemble?
amendment 1
what amendment says that we have freedom of the press?
amendment 1
what amendment says that we have the right to petition the government?
amendment 2
what amendment says we have the right to bear arms and own a gun?
amendment 4
what amendment says that police need probable cause to arrest you?
27 amendments
how many amendments have been added to the Constitution?
veto
to cancel?
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments of the Constitution are known as...?
amendment
official change?
35 years old
minimum age to become president?
30 years old
minimum age to become a Senator?
25 years old
minimum age to become a House of Representatives member?
no age requirement
minimum age to become a judge or Supreme Court member?
Amendment 4
which amendment says that police need a search warrant to search you or your property?
Amendment 5
which amendment says that you do not have to testify against yourself in a court of law?
Amendment 5
which amendment says that you cannot be tried for the same crime twice or double jeopardy?
Amendment 6
which amendment says that you have the right to a lawyer or counsel?
Amendment 6
which amendment says that you have the right to a speedy trial?
Amendment 6
which amendment says that you have the right to know the charges against you?
Amendment 6
which amendment says that you have the right to have a trial seen by a jury of your peers?
Amendment 7
what amendment allows you the right to sue someone in court?
Amendment 7
which amendment gives you the right to sue someone and have it heard by a jury?
Amendment 8
which amendment allows you the right to bail yourself out of jail?
Amendment 8
which amendment says there is no excessive fines or bails?
Amendment 8
which amendment says there is no cruel or unusual punishment?
Amendment 9
which amendment says that we have rights than it says in the Constitution?
Amendment 10
which amendment says that states have rights too?
Article I
which article talks about the Legislative Branch?
Article II
which article talks about the Executive Branch?
Article III
which article talks about the Judicial Branch?
Article V
which article talks about how to amend the Constitution?
Article VI
which article says that the Constitution is the Supreme Law of the land?
Articles of Confederation
what was the first constitution of the United States?
state government
under the Articles of Confederation, which government had more power, state or federal government?
Constitutional Convention
what meeting was held to improve the Articles of Confederation?
Washington DC
where can you see the Constitution today?
Selective Service
what must males at the age of 18 years old register for?
federalism
the sharing of power between the federal and state governments is an example of?
federalism
both the state and federal government being able to tax its citizens is an example of?
Articles of Confederation
the Constitution was created because of the weakness of what "document"?
three fifths compromise
an agreement reached that counted a state's slave population for representation in the government?
4 years
the term of a President?
2 years
the term of a House of Representatives member?
6 years
the term of a Senator?
for life
the term of a judge or Supreme Court Justice?
nine justices
how many justices serve on the Supreme Court?
2 terms
the maximum number of terms a president can serve?
Congress
together, what is the Senate and House of Representatives called?
Vice President
the president of the Senate?
Speaker of the House
leader of the House of Representatives?
Chief Justice
leader of the Supreme Court?
100
how many Senators are there?
435
how many members are there is the House of Representatives?
535
how many members are there in the Legislative Branch?
bicameral
what means two houses?
ratification
official approval?
False
True/False - you can say anything you want under freedom of speech?
True
True/False - the President must be born in the United States?
Great Compromise
an agreement reached between the New Jersey and Virginia plan?
False
True/False - if you are born outside of the United States, there is no way you can become a citizen of the U.S.?
True
True/False - citizens of the United Sates have to follow the laws of the U.S.?
False
True/False - if you are born outside the U.S. to a parent who is a U.S. citizen, you are not a U.S. citizen?
False
True/False - you can damage a church by painting the devil sign and you will be protected by the First Amendment?
separation of power
this explains why we have three branches of government?
checks and balances
this makes sure no one branch of government becomes too powerful?
House of Representatives
who can impeach the President?
Senate
who tries the President during an impeachment?
Chief Justice
who presides over an impeachment trial of the President?
False
True/False - a president, once elected, cannot be removed from office?
oath of office
after a president is elected, he must first take this before he can serve as President?
Bill of Rights
what was added to the Constitution to protect the rights of the citizens of the U.S.?
Legislative Branch
which branch writes the laws?
Judicial Branch
which branch is in charge of interpreting the laws?
Executive Branch
which branch enforces the laws?
President
who is the commander of chief of the military?
President
who can veto a law?
2/3rds override
if a President vetoes a law, what can Congress do?
President
who appoints Supreme Court Justices?
Senate
who approves of Supreme Court Justices?
Supreme Court
who can declare a law unconstitutional?
cabinet
there are 15 divisions under the President that advises him, what are they called?
Congress
who can introduce a bill to become a law?
President
if a bill is appoved by Congress, where does the bill go next?
elastic clause
what allows the Constitution to remain flexible?
Vice President
if the President dies in office, who becomes the President?
False
True/False - all citizens of the U.S. have to vote?
naturalized citizen
a person who immigrates to the U.S. can become this kind of citizen?
Constitution
what is the oldest and longest lasting constitution in the world?
electoral college
2 Senators + state's House of Representatives members =?
Speaker of the House
if the President and Vice President die, who becomes president?
Supreme Court
the highest court in the U.S.?