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31 terms

Global 10 Revolutions in Europe/Latin America

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Ideology
an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
Universal Manhood Suffrage
policy that every adult male could vote, whether he owned property or not
Autonomy
self-rule; independence
Conservatives
in the first half of the 19th century, those Europeans—mainly wealthy landowners and nobles—who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe.
Liberals
wanted governments to be based on written constitutions & separation of powers; were against divine-right monarchies, the old aristocracy, and established churches; supported natural rights and republican governments.
Nationalists
believe in uniting people who share a common history and culture
Charter of French Liberties
the constitution that Louis XVIII issued after being restored to the throne
Frankfurt Assembly
In Frankfurt, Germany, delegates tried to write a constitution for Germany, ultimately failed
Mulattoes
People of African and European descent
Mestizos
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
Peninsulares
Spanish-born, came to Latin America; ruled, highest social class
Creoles
descendents of Spanish-born BUT born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status
February Days
"The revolts in France where workers, students, and radicals rioted and deomonstrator clashed with troops under Louis Philippe"
el Grito de Dolores
Father Hidalgo's speech meaning "The Cry of Dolores," it called for Mexicans to fight for "Independence and Liberty"
June Days
These were the French workers' revolts in June 1848 after the closure of the National Workshops- Violent
Clemens von Metternich
Austria's foreign minister, a prince, who helped orchestrate Austria's role in Europe via the Congress of Vienna
Charles X
the new French ultraroyalist king after louis XVIII
Louis Phillipe
became known as the "citizen king" because he dressed and acted like a member of the middle class. He secretly favored the wealthy. He refused to allow working class citizens more voting rights. He was overthrown in the Revolution of 1848
Louis Napoleon
Was not only the first president of the French Republic (for two terms), but was also the last emperor. As emperor, he was called Napoleon III and he was the nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Louis Kossuth
Leader of the Hungarians, demanded national autonomy with full liberties and universal suffrage in 1848.
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Haitian patriot and leader of the Haitian Revolution slave rebellion
Miguel Hidalgo
Mexican priest and revolutionary who led a revolt that started the Mexican war of independence.
Jose Morelos
Mexican mestizo priest who fought for wide-ranging reforms- After Hidalgo
Augustin de Iturbide
Becomes dictator of Mexico in 1821. In 1824, he is successfully overthrown by moderate Creoles and Mestizos, and Mexico gains independence as a Republic.
Tupac Amaru
1780, a Mestizo descendent of Inca kings led an Indian rebellion in Peru & demanded an end to forced labor & sales taxes. Spanish put down that rebeliion
Dom Pedro
became the first leader of an independent Brazil
Simon Bolivar
"The Liberator", led many independence movements, Venezuela. "The Liberator"
Moderate
a person who takes a position in the political center
Revolution of 1830
Louis XVIII dies, heir Charles V, a conservative shuts down newpapers, liberals, makes a law of improper use of Holy Eucharist. result- out of throne
Revolution of 1848
The Year of Revolutions," Revolutions broke out all across Europe for that year, triggered by the French Revolution. They were all subdued, but they had some sort of long lasting effects. The people were probably upset that they were silenced and they had no voice, that's my guess.
Abdicate
give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations