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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 6 (Women in US History)
Terms in this set (27)
Within the growing number of wealthy American families after the Civil War, the expected role for women was to
consume and display the family's wealth.
What was a distinctive component of American cultural life for middle-class women in the late nineteenth century?
Membership in a women's club
How did the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor (AFL) treat working women in the late 1800s?
The Knights welcomed women workers; AFL leaders believed that women should stay at home.
How were the requirements for operating a typewriter different from operating a sewing machine?
Typists were required to have an education and a command of the English language; operating sewing machines required little formal training.
Why did "homosocial" relationships come under attack in the late nineteenth century?
Physicians characterized the relationships as "unnatural" or "abnormal."
Why did most black families choose sharecropping over other forms of agricultural labor during Reconstruction?
Sharecropping allowed black families to work independently without direct white oversight.
How did the woman suffrage movement respond to the congressional debates over the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments?
Women split over whether to endorse the Fifteenth Amendment, which omitted the word "gender."
What was the argument about woman suffrage advanced by the New Departure theory of the suffrage movement?
Women were persons under the Fourteenth Amendment and thus, as citizens, had the right to vote.
The Supreme Court's decision in Minor v. Happersett
established that voting was a privilege, not a right of citizenship.
Many freedwomen responded to the defeat of the Confederacy by
taking to the road or advertising to find lost spouses and family members.
Black codes were laws passed by
southern states to limit the freedom of freedmen.
Why did many poor white women who worked in southern textile mills in the 1880s consider this work a privilege?
Factories hired only white women, which made the work seem to be a racial privilege.
Why did white southern groups such as the Ku Klux Klan charge that black men were sexual predators who sought access to white women?
To assert control over African American men in the aftermath of slavery
What did the U.S. Supreme Court rule in Plessy v. Ferguson?
Segregation was legal and compatible with the Fourteenth Amendment.
A common criticism of working women in the late nineteenth century was that they
took jobs away from male breadwinners.
By the late nineteenth century, what gains in women's rights had been realized?
Women had the right to vote in territorial and local elections in Wyoming and Utah
The National Women Suffrage Society was formed by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in response to
Congress not including the word "gender" in the Fifteenth Amendment.
Susan B. Anthony demonstrated the New Departure theory when she
petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to declare the Fourteenth Amendment unconstitutional.
How were elite white southern women affected by Reconstruction?
For the first time, elite white southern women had to cook and launder for their own households.
What was the danger that African American men faced in the reconstructed South for the slightest suspicion of disrespect to a white woman?
Lynching by a mob
Ida B. Wells was significant because she
campaigned to stop lynching.
Which of the following describes the progress of Reconstruction in the South between 1865 and 1900?
After the U.S. Army withdrew from the defeated southern states, white-dominated legislatures reestablished white supremacy and instituted segregation.
How did the sewing machine affect women's labor in the textile industry?
Clothing manufacturing was divided into discrete tasks, and a single worker no longer made an entire piece of clothing.
What was justified by the "family wage" concept of the late nineteenth century?
Paying men higher wages while paying women significantly less
What was Harriot Stanton Blatch encouraging women to do when she advocated "voluntary motherhood"?
Choose when and how often to become pregnant
What did the endorsement of woman suffrage by the WCTU convince Susan B. Anthony to do?
Form one national organization of all women's groups that supported suffrage
The image of the "New Woman" emphasized "women's work," a term that meant women
should participate in paid labor or public service.
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