U.S. History 5 matching
Terms in this set (81)
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer were masters at producing what was called ____________
Cuba became a ___________ of the United States
Where was the Spanish-American War fought?
Manila Bay, Philippines Island
How did the United States conduct the war in Cuba?
they helped them gain their independence by fighting alongside
Which former Spanish colony became an American protectorate?
What did the United States force Cuba to do in 1901?
Forced Cuba to adopt the Platt Amendment
What is the Platt Amendment?
an amendment that gave the U.S. the right to interfere in Cuban affairs.
What did Cuba become under the Teller Amendment?
A U.S. protectorate, an independent nation which would be protected and partially controlled by the U.S.
The Panama Canal was dug across the ______, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
The _________, which Roosevelt issued, said that only the U.S. could intervene in the affairs of countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Taft was well known for his dollar _________, which put many local people in Latin America to work earning money.
a Cuban rebel leader and poet who helped fight for independence against Spain
General Valeriano Weyler
sent to Cuba by Spain where he imprisoned and killed more than 200,000 people
Commander George Dewey
won battles in the Spanish-American War at Manila Bay and Manila
special regiment of cavalry men were led by Theodore Roosevelt before he became president
became a U.S. territory and its citizens were granted U.S. citizenship
an army doctor who improved conditions in Panama by draining swamps and placing screens on windows to keep out mosquitos
Francisco "Pancho" Villa
revolutionary who hoped to overthrow the Mexican government by attacking various border towns
General John J. Pershing
he took 100,000 troops into Mexico in search for "Pancho" Villa
Who became the first female member of Congress and what state was she from?
Jeanette Rankin of Montana
Some European countries engaged in an _______________ that helped lead to WWI
Many Americans who were _____________ rejected the idea of war.
After many countries declared war on each other, they ___________ their troops.
What were the two major fronts of the war?
Eastern and Western
What is trench warfare?
soldiers fighting from long ditches dug in the ground
1. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated
2. European countries declare war on each other
3. German troops try to invade France
4. A German U-boat sinks the Lusitania without warning
Advances in technology:
Land- armored tanks, machine guns, hand grenades, poison gas
Air- hydrogen-filled airships, airplanes
Sea- undersea boat
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Germany's leader who built up his nation's arms until they had the largest supply in Europe
Black Hand Society member who assassinated Franz Ferdinand
Manfred von Richthofen
known as the Red Baron, he was a notorious German pilot who shot down 80 Allied planes
no man's land
area between defense trenches where nothing grew, it acted as a separation point between armies
his assassination triggered the beginning of WWI
Under Lenin, Russia was forced to adapt ___________, which is a type of government where property is owned by everyone equally.
Much of the food farmers produce went to feed the troops, so families grew their own _________ to help the war effort.
__________ paid for two thirds of the cost of the war effort.
the U.S. government used __________ to portray the Germans as blood-thirsty "Huns"
How did the election reflect Americans' attitudes about the war?
it showed that American citizens didn't want to enter into the war.
What measures did President Wilson take to prepare for war?
he passed the selective service act, asked the war department to increase military spending, etc.
What is the Selective Service Act?
an act which required draft registration for males over the age of 18
Why did Wilson shift from a policy of neutrality to a declaration of war?
because Germany had sunk five of the U.S. boats and tried to get Mexico to go against the U.S.
the german foreign minister who sent a note to Mexico urging them to join the German effort
Vladimir Ilich Lenin
led the Bolsheviks and took control of the Russian government; introduced communism
American Expeditionary Force
name given to American forces in Europe
War Industries Board
this committee oversaw factory work and set prices for goods and services
"The Beast of Berlin"
name given to Kaiser Wilhelm II by the United States
Germany ended WWI by finally singing an ___________, which is an agreement to stop fighting.
One of Wilson's Fourteen Points was the support of ___________ so that people could decide what type of government they wanted.
Germany has to pay $33 billion in ________ to pay for the cost of the war.
How did the U.S. help the Allies win WWI?
They sent weapons, food, troops, and oil for war machinery
Fourteen Points Plan
proposed an organization, what would become the league of nations---> to keep world peace
How did Woodrow Wilson hope to keep the world at peace after the war?
by addressing the fourteen points plan, freedom of the seas and free trade, and having self-determination
Why did Wilson believe so strongly in the League of Nations?
he thought it was the only way to prevent the war
Sergeant Alvin York
82nd Infantry Division soldier who received more medals than any other American soldier
Captain Eddie Rickenbacker
former race car driver turned flying ace. he shot down 26 enemy aircraft during his time in service
was awarded the 1919 nobel peace prize for his efforts to attain peace
Senator Henry Cabot Lodge
led the fight to defeat the League of Nations
Woodrow Wilson's hope for lasting peace lay in his league of nations
Russia had to pay $33 billion in reparations for the cost of war
in order to prepare for war, president wilson began increasing military spending
cannons and rifles were first used in WWI
the two major fronts of the war were the eastern and western fronts
president taft used money instead of force in his foreign policy tactics
the treaty of versailles was not approved by the U.S. Senate
the philippines became an american protectorate after the Spanish-American War
the United States entered WWI in 1915
people who rejected war on principle
Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire
Serbia, Russia, France, UK, US, Belgium, and Italy
Why could WWI be described as a total war?
because the war affected all citizens and was happening everywhere. also, new weapons made this war more destructive than the past, destroying a majority of things, places, and people.
What changes did WWI bring to the U.S.?
the U.S. became anti-german, schools stopped teaching german, german newspapers closed, orchestra's didn't play german music, they believed german immigrants were a threat to the U.S. and placed as many as they could in jail.
Were more countries members of the central Powers or the Allied Nations?
Which was the largest country that was a member of the Allied Nations?
Why did the Allies need help from the United States?
because 2 million americans were fighting in Europe and they marched off their ships to the cheers of the french people. the allies were loosing the war, and the americans were needed to achieve victory
how did the U.S. help the allied win WWI?
they sent weapons, food, troops, and oil for war machinery
how was germany punished under the treaty of versailles?
they had to pay reparations, give up a majority of their weapons, and some of their territory
How many new independent nations were created in Europe after WWI?
Big Stick Policy
Roosevelt, fond of this african american saying, used it to mean that the united states should use force, or the threat of force - especially naval power- to achieve its goals in dealing with other countries
foreign countries could not intervene in the countries of the western hemisphere
great britain, france, and russia (italy later left the triple alliance to join the triple entente)
Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy
War Labor Board
women be payed as much as men for work done in war industries
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