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CH 1.2 Vocab

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Antibiotics
molecular agents derived from fungi and/or bacteria that impede the growth and survival of some other microorganisms
Restriction enzyme
enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific nucleotide sequence
DNA ligase
an enzyme that binds together disconnected strands of a DNA molecule
Recombinant DNA
DNA created by combining DNA from two or more sources
Genetically modified organisms
organisms that contain DNA from another organism and produce new proteins encoded on the acquired DNA
E. coli
a rod-shaped bacterium native to the intestines of mammals; commonly used in genetics and biotechnology
plasmid
a tiny circular piece of DNA, usually of caterial origin; often used for recombinant DNA technologies
t-PA
short for tissue plasminogen activator; one of the first genetically engineered products to be sold; a naturally occuring enzyme that breaks down blood clots and clears blocked blood vessels
Human Genome Project
an international effort to sequence and map all of the DNA on the 23 human chromosomes