Unit 4: Ch. 9 The Games Approach
Terms in this set (21)
What is technique or technical skills?
the specific procedures to move one's body to perform the task that needs to be accomplished
ex. moving quickly to a particular space and then to gain control of and direct an object such as a ball
What are tactical skills?
the decision and actions of players in the contest to gain advantage over the opposing team or players
ex. hitting the ball to a player's weak side or placing the ball in the space away from the player
What is game sense?
the ability to make tactical decision within the game
What is strategy?
a plan of action for your team for a season or series of contests based on talent of your team and what you expect will be attributes of your competition to give you the best chance of success
What two meanings does "skill" have?
1. it may mean a task
ex. "the skill of rifle shooting is under appreciated in the sport world"
2. it may mean the quality of a person's performance at some task
ex. "she demonstrated excellent shooting skill" skill means quality of the shooter's performance
What is the traditional approach to coaching?
1. a typical practice session begins with a warm-up, followed by the teaching of a basic or advanced technical skill and then repeated practice of this technical skill via drills
2. Next, the players play a practice game (scrimmage), during which a coach may or may not help the players see how the technical skill becomes part of the tactics of the game
What are some potential shortcomings of the traditional approach to coaching?
1. Overemphasis on technical skills --> coaches tend to overemphasize the teaching and practicing of technical skills at the expense of teaching and practicing the decision-making skills needed to develop tactical skills
2. Overemphasis on direct instruction--> coach telling the athlete how to perform the skill. This is less suitable for development of thinking skills required for problem solving and decision making in a sport
3. Mindless Drills--> this approach often teaches technical skills outside context of the game. Athletes learn the basic skills through drills but find it difficult to apply the technical skills within the game.
4. Boredom -->athletes tend to spend a lot of time standing in lines and sometimes because the drills are just tediously repetitious
What is the games approach?
it emphasizes learning the game through game-like practice activities that create realistic and enjoyable learning situations
What is tactical awareness?
as athletes play, they learn what to do
--> when athletes understand the tactics they must use in a game they are then eager to develop the technical skills that let them execute those tactics
What is a common misconception about the games approach?
that technical and tactical skills are exclusively learned through playing the sport or modified gemlike versions or the sport.
in this approach practice being by playing carefully crafter version of the game to develop both technical and tactical skills
How is the games approach a holistic approach?
1. it focuses on first helping athletes understand what the game is all about, and then helping them learn how to play the game
2. players discover what to do in the game, not by you telling them but by them experiencing it
How does the games approach work?
based on practice being as closely aligned as possible with what actually occurs in games, it requires skillful analysis of the game by you to structure gemlike situation to teach players
What three methods are used by coaches to skillfully analyze the game to structure gemlike situations to teach players?
1. shaping play
2. focusing play
3. enhancing play
What is shaping play?
it is about teaching your athletes through the game
What are four aspects of the game that you can change to create variety of learning situations for shaping play?
1. the rules define what players can and cannot do in a game. You can change the rules in practice to create the learning environment you want.
2. You can alter the # of players to increase player participation and active learning time.
ex. games such as two-on-one bball
--> the advantage of using these games is that they increase opportunity to learn technical and tactical skills (they can simulate game situations)
3. You can alter the size of the playing area or change the size of the foal to help athletes focus on learning a particular aspect of the game
ex. in soccer you could have 3 attackers against one defender practicing in a 15-15m grid
4. you can shape play by modifying the goal and the scoring
What is the key to shaping play?
redesign the game so that your athletes have the opportunity to practice what is relevant in the real game
What is focusing play?
as a coach you need to focus your players' attention on the key elements of the game that you want them to learn
--> this process determines the quality of practice and helps athletes transfer what they are learning in practice games to real games
What is enhancing play?
a coach can enhance their athletes' play by presenting challenges during practices, using handicapping techniques to make close contests, and of course encouraging them and recognizing them for the progress they make
What are advantages of the Games approach?
1. huge advantage in motivating your athletes because practices are much more gemlike and thus more enjoyable
2. practice is focused on helping the athletes, whereas the trad. approach often seems that practice is focused on obeying demands of the coach
Traditional Approach compared to the Games Approach
Table 9.1 pg. 157
Example of Games approach with basketball