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67 terms

A & P 2

Respiratory System
STUDY
PLAY
Respiration
the overall exchange os gases between the atomsphere, the blood, & the cells
Nasal Septum
the vertical partition that divdes the nose into the left & right nasal cavitites is called:
Nostrils
are also called nares
Cardiovascular System & Respiratory System
Share the responsibility of supplying oxygen & elimanating carbon dixoide gas from & to the body.
Vestibules
the anterior portion of the nasal cavities just inside the nostrils is called:
Thyroid Cartliage
is the largest piece ofd cartilage & is also known as the Adams Apple.
Larynx
is closed off when we swallow so that foods & liquids are routed posteriorly into the esophagus & are kept out of the trachea anteriorly.
True Vocal Cords
sound orginates from the vibration of these
Vestibular Folds
are also known as the false vocal cords, and are located in the larynx.
Pleural Fluid
the fluid within the pleural cavity prevents fricton between the pleural membranes & allows them to slide past each other during respiration.
Inhalation, or Inspiration
Is the movement of air into the lungs.
Inhalation
is an active process
Expiration
is a passive process
Emphysema
a progressively degerative disease characterized by the destruction of elasticity of the alveolar walls, resulting in the decreases ability of the lungs to expel are is known as:
respiratory distress syndrome
Hyaline membrane disease, common in premature infants & characterized by inadequate ventilation & tirung if the respiratory muscles.
Pneumonitis
an infection of the lungs characterized by fever, chest pain, fluid in the lungs & difficulty in breathing.
Cystic Fibrosis
an inherited disease affectingf the secretory cells of the lungs, which leads to obstruction of the airway due to thick mucus accumulating in the lungs.
Pulmonary Fibrosis
also known as black lung
bronchitis
Inflammation of the bronchi, which causes swelling of the mucous membrane lining of the bronchial tubes.
Respiration
the overall exchange of gases between the atomsphere, the blood & the cells.
External Respiration
the exchange of gases between the lungs & the blood.
Internal Respiration
the exchange of gases between the blood & the body cells.
Pleural Membrane
The double folded serous membrane that encloses & protects the lungs.
Pleural Cavity
the space between the 2 layers of the pleural, which contains a lubricating fluid that decreases the friction between the membranes during the breathing process.
Whooping cough
a term for pertussis
nasal septum
The verticle partition that divdes the nose into right & left nasal cavities.
Bronchogenic Carcinoma
Teh most common type of pulmonary cancer.
Pertussis
also known as Whooping cough.
Black Lung Disease
Pulmonary Fibrosis is also known as:
Tracheostomy
an insision into the trachea, creating a new opening for air to enter.
Ventilation
the movement of air between the atomsphere & the lungsis known as breathing or:
Pharynx
the tubular structure that serves as a passageway for both air & food:
Voice Box
This is also known as the Larynx.
Windpipe
alson known as the trachea
Visceral pleura
the inner layer of the pleural membrane that attaches directly to the lungs.
Parietal pleura
the outter layerof the pleural membrane that attaches to the lung to the wall of thoracic cavity.
Nostrils
The openings into the external nose, also known as the external nares.
Hyoid
the u-shaped bone located just above the larynx, serves as points of attachment for the muscles of the tounge & throat.
bronchioles
the smaller air passages that branch out into the segments of the lobe of the lungs.
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Hyaline menbrane disease.
nasopharynx
the part of the pharynx that houses the pharyngeal tonsils, the 2 internal nares, & the openings to the 2 eustachian tubes.
**78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, & 0.04% carbon dixoide
the following is true ambient air
PCO2 of 45mm Hg, & PO2 of 40 mm of Hg
Represents the partical pressure of pulmonary artery capillary blood.
Adams Apple
the largest piece of thyroid cartilage in the larynx.
Nasal Septum
is the verticle partition that divides the inside of the nose into the right & left nasal cavities.
Surfactant
the surface of the respiratory membrane inside each alveolus is coated with a fluid, consisting of a mixture of lipoproteins.
Ventilation
the1st process of respiration is breathing or ___________, which is the movement of air between the atomsphere and the lungs.
External Respiration
is the exchange of gases between the lungs & the blood.
Internal Respiration
The exchange of gases between the blood & the body cells
Partical Pressure
of a gas is the amount of pressure that gas contributes to the total pressure & is directly proportional to the concentration of the gas in the mixture.
Pharynx
or throat, serves as a passageway for both air & food.
Larynx
is also known as the voice box
trachea
is also known as the windpipe.
Pleura Membrane
is a serous membrane that encloses & protects the lungs.
Aveoli
are grape like out-pouchings located at the ends of the respiratory bronchioles.
Parietal Pleura
is the outer layer of the Pleural membrane that attches the lungs to the wall of the Thoracic Cavity.
Decrease
Inspiration involves a ________________in gas pressure causing a vacum that sucks air into the lungs.
eustachian tubes
auditory/nasopharynx
fauces
opening from mouth
vestibular folds
false vocal cords
alveoli
surface for respiration
trachea
windpipe
Adam's Apple
thyroid cartliage
epiglottis
blocks glottis during swallowing
tertiary bronchi
segmental bronchi
secondary bronchi
lobar bronchi
ventilation
breathing