A series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
A testable explanation for observed facts`
Process of making numerous observations until one feels confident in drawing generalizations and predictions from them.
A method of testing hypothesis in which you formulate a hypothesis that you believe to be true and then made to verify if your hypothesis is correct
Provisional acceptance of something being true
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results
Is evolution a fact or a theory?
both. fact is that earth and things on it have changed over time, theory is explanation for how changes have occurred.
understandings of how the universe operates along with how people and spiritual powers relate to it
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms.
When did humans begin to hypothesize about the origin of humans?
basically the beginning of time
cuvier - great disasters regularly cause exinctiond
geological processes are cyclical - operate in the same way
will to change, inheriysncr of acquired trsaits, law of use and disuse. environment challenges organisms.
Darwin and Wallace's explanation for evolution
competition for survival. natural selection.
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates than other individuals because of those traits.
A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.
-A form of creationism advocated as an alternative to the scientific theory of evolution, and holding that the creation of the universe and everything in it was supernatural and relatively recent (webster)
The belief that evolution did happen but it was because a divine being (such as God) planned it to happen as it did
A nucleic acid found in the nucleus of all living cells, which carries the organism's hereditary information.
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary material.
what did Mendel discover
Mendel reached the conclusion that each organism possess two genes for each trait—one from each parent. Genes can come in different versions today called alleles.
Mendel's principles of segregation and independent assortment say?
independent assortment: allele pairs separate independently during the formation of gametes - traits are transmitted to offspring independently of one another
segregation: In the formation of gametes, homologous chromosomes seperate so each gamete is equally likely to contain either member of the original pair
A variation of a gene's nucleotide sequence (an alternative form of a gene).
dominant v recessive traits
A group of organisms that tend to choose mates from within a group.
What is biological evolution and how is it studied?
All of the changes that have transformed life on earth from the earliest beginning to the diversity of organisms in the world today
What are the components of the Hardy-Weinberg Theory of Equilibrium? What do they represent? What is its purpose?
p^2 + 2pq + q^2 = p= frequency of dom allele q = frequency of recessive allele predicts pattern of allelic representation over time, if change,... evolutionary forces