Upgrade to remove ads
Quiz 1 path
Terms in this set (77)
greek for suffering
greek for study of science
Cause of pathology has specific _____?
when the case is unknown for the pathology?
The most common inflammatory disease of the spine?
T or F: Ankylosing spondylitis is an idiopathic pathology?
Ankylosing spondylitis occurs when there is calcification of all ligaments and the outer layer of what?
Another example of an idiopathic pathology is ossification of the anterior and longitudinal ligaments of the spine which is known as?
DISH ( diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis)
When an individual's genes are responsible for some structural or functional defect.
jerking or involuntary movements of the facial or extremity muscles?
Disease characterized by atrophy of the neurons of the striatal nuclei patient usually dies 10-15 years after onset. Pt. has no smooth movement with their muscles?
T or F: Age of the parents does not matter when it comes to the likelihood of the child getting Down's syndrome?
When the genetic info is intact, but other factors in the embryo's intrauterine environment interfere with normal development?
Dangerous for the fetus. Cats are the main carrier. This pathology has teratogenic effects on the child
Parasite that causes toxoplasmosis?
abnormality producing effect
usually anatomical abnormality
Serious abnormalities with the fetus
small head, low nasal bridge
Caused by mother ingesting alcohol during pregnancy?
fetal alcohol syndrome
drug produced by Pfizer in the 1960's to prevent disease in first trimester.
Did stop disease in first trimester, but cause teratogenic effects on the fetus once birth occurred?
diseases that are not genetic or congenital?
autoimmune disease, immune system is suppressed due to stress, other sickness, etc.
due to excessive smoking?
Disease caused by pus being forced into the venous blood stream by trying to pop a pimple before pus has formed on the outside of the pimple?
The patient will tell you how they fell subjective?
What you as the doctor can record or observe objective?
Signs an symptoms combined to form a particular disease?
T or F: the syndrome has a specific treatment once it is figured out?
it relies on the specific pathology
vasoplastic reactions that can be observed in the fingers and sometime the toes?
Prevents normal flow of blood in the tubes?
1st sign of Raynaud's syndrome?
spasm of arteries
fingers turn white due to lack of blood flow
2nd sign of Raynaud's syndrome?
spasm of veins
fingers will turn purple due to lack of venous return to the heart
3rd sign of Raynaud's syndrome?
fingers turn red
What pathology is this?
Suppression of the exocrine gland such as sebaceous glands, salivary glands, lacrimal glands?
dryness of the mouth?
dryness of the eyes?
What is the primary event of Sjogren's syndrome?
bilateral parotitis- immunocomplex inflammation of both parotid glands
pattern of development of the disease?
sudden onset, has a duration within a week to ten days then subsides
ex. common cold
has a minimum duration of 6 weeks, development of disease may be prolonged?
very rarely in medical practice due to uncertainty of the diagnosis
could be prolonged acute disease
could be development of chronic disease?
ex. subacute bacterial endocarditis
is a disease confined to one region of the body?
ex. stomach cancer
a disease that involves other organs or systems?
ex. metastasizing stomach cancer
Damage limited to one or more distant sites within a disease organ?
Uniformly distributed damage within a disease organ?
the identification of a patient's specific disease?
the prediction of a particular disease's outcome?
lack of substance necessary to the cell?
Absence of particular product in food?
primary nutrient deficiency
this component of the food is contained in the diet, but cannot be absorbed by the body?
secondary nutrient deficiency
The presence of a substance that interferes with cell function?
toxins from outside the body?
3 examples of exogenous toxins?
overdose of some meds
Accumulation of a normal metabolite would be an exampled of what type of toxin?
Where on the body can you see an accumulation of alkapton?
sclera of the eye
What enzyme is inactive in phenylketonuria?
What is a major problem with phenylketonuria?
What must people with phenylkeotnuria eat to counteract the symptoms of it?
foods with no phenylalanine
What disease can cause children of African descent to have grey or red hair and under pigmentation?
destroys the cell membrane and causes impaired function of these cells- all cells undergo damage?
What disease is an exampled of accumulation of metabolic by-products?
chronic renal failure
An accumulation of uric acid from the urea cycle?
What is the the most common joint involved for gouty arthritis?
unilateral inflammation of the 1st metatarsal phalangeal joint
With gouty arthritis white blood cells will be floating towards the inflamed area, the uric acid crystals will destroy the phagocytic cells, which will release ____ that will go into the joint space, destroying cell membranes which causes inflammation?
T or F: the first attack of gout is the worst?
What do the bones and joints get replaced with if gout is not treated?
sodium urate can also be be deposited into the tissues not only the joints
this is known as?
Most typical location for tophus is where?
With gouty kidney the patient has usually how many years until kidney failure?
two things that cause gout?
The loss of cell's structural integrity, physical injury?
the cytoplasm of the human body's cells will freeze and solid takes up more space than liquid so the cells will burst.
When exposed to high temperatures the proteins of the cells will become coagulated (denatured)
Piece of stone underneath your heel in your shoe- after a long period of time walking on the stone that place on your foot will have an indentation, this is known as?
pressure on the tissue results in compression of blood vessel and damage of the tissue?
usually developed in the kidneys, other tissues as well.
Can cause obstruction of blood flow which builds up the pressure in the kidney?
virtually a tumor, only difference is a tumor is a hard structure, but this structure is fluid filled
receptors in the inner ear are destroyed due to the pressure from the sound waves hearing is lost?
high intensity sound
Malaria is caused by what?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Study guide flashcards
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Pathology 1 Quiz 1
LO 3: Supplemental reading
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Advanced CLET antibiotics