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Austrian composer who wrote atonal and 12-tonecompositions that remained true to late 19th-century Romanticism. He composed orchestral music (including Five Orchestral Songs, 1912), chamber music, songs, and two groundbreaking operas, Wozzeck (1925) and Lulu (1937).
is the first opera by the Austrian composer Alban Berg. A typical performance of the work takes slightly over an hour and a half. It was composed between 1914 and 1922 and first performed in 1925. The opera is based on the drama Woyzeck, which was left incomplete by the German playwright Georg Büchner at his death. Berg attended the first production in Vienna of Büchner's play on 5 May 1914, and knew at once that he wanted to base an opera on it
Second Viennese School
Zweite Wiener Schule, Neue Wiener Schule
a compositional technique in which a fixed series of notes, especially the twelve notes of the chromatic scale, are used to generate the harmonic and melodic basis of a piece and are subject to change only in specific ways. The first fully serial movements appeared in 1923 in works by Arnold Schoenberg.
(German: Reihe or Tonreihe), also series and set, refers to a non-repetitive ordering of a set of pitch-classes, typically of the twelve notes in musical set theory of the chromatic scale, though both larger and smaller sets are sometimes found.
was an art movement of the European avant-garde in the early 20th century. Dada in Zürich, Switzerland, began in 1916 at Cabaret Voltaire, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter, but the height of New York Dada was the year before, in 1915. protesting the world wr oposit of art
principles, ideals, or practice of producing fantastic or incongruous imagery or effects in art, literature, film, or theater by means of unnatural or irrational juxtapositions and combinations. creting new relity
an early 20th-century style and movement in art, especially painting, in which perspective with a single viewpoint was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and, later, collage
a style of painting, music, or drama in which the artist or writer seeks to express emotional experience rather than impressions of the external world internl
new and unusual or experimental ideas,
a rhythm that makes use of two or more different rhythms simultaneously
music is a generalizing term used to define music that seems to lack a clear tonal center. Nearly all music in the western classical tradition is considered 'tonal': that is, its harmonic structure is primarily triadic and
hierarchically organized around a prominent tonal center
In music and music theory, a bichord or polychordconsists of two or more chords, one on top of the other. In shorthand they are written with the top chord above a line and the bottom chord below, for example F above C: . The use of polychords may suggest bitonality or polytonality
and (in British usage) twelve-note composition—is a method of musical composition devised by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) and associated with the "Second Viennese School" composers, who were the primary users of the technique in ..
a particular sequence of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale used as a basis for twelve-tone (serial) music
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