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Neuro ortho Myofacial pain syndrome
Terms in this set (12)
Who feels that nociceptor activity at trigger point sites is an important and common cause for development of musculoskeletal pain?
What are the different types of Active trigger points
Primary, Secondary and Satellite
Primary trigger points are primarily responsible for what?
Myofascial pain syndrome
Secondary trigger points develop where?
Secondary trigger points develop in the synergist or antagonist of the primary muscle involved.
Where do Satellite trigger points develop
Satellite trigger points develop in the zone of referral of the primary muscle trigger point.
What are latent trigger points?
Latent trigger points are those whose nociceotors have become activated and sensitised but not to the point to cause pain to develop. They are tender to firm pressure but do not reproduce the patients' pain.
Describe the typical pain of a trigger point
typically a wide spread dull ache exacerbated by certain movments
the pain is usually confined to one region of the body, but in some cases it can effect several joints at the same time. What diagnosis might this be confused with
what happens to the length of a muscle with a trigger point?
It becomes shorter, due to this and pain the ROM is reduced. Can be a symptom C/O or a sign found on examination
Trigger points "weaken" the muscle, why?
due to pain and reflex inhibition
Sympathetic nerve fibers are present at trigger point sites. There fore sympathetically mediated symptoms may rarely occur. Name some
goose flesh, localised swelling and a coldness to the distal part of the limb.
apart from muscles, where else are trigger points found?
Skin- usually in scar tissue, give a burning or electric shock type pain.
Ligaments following sprain
periosteum following fracture
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