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Food and Health- Practice
Terms in this set (10)
Define the two types of carbohydrates important to proper nutrition and name two foods where they can be found for each.
The two types of carbohydrates are simple and complex. Simple carbs take less time for the body to absorb and can lead a person to become hungry again quickly. Examples of foods that contain simple carbs include candy, fruit, milk, and many processed foods. Complex carbs take much longer to be absorbed in the body and can satisfy a person's hunger for much longer. Examples of foods that contain complex carbs are whole-grain pasta, brown rice, and many vegetables.
List 5 types of food that should be consumed daily in a healthy diet. Give an example of each type.
Types of foods that should be consumed daily include grains (carbohydrates), fruits, vegetables, dairy, and protein An example of each are as follows: apples, grapes, oranges, and bananas are examples of fruits; lettuce, carrots, corn, and broccoli are examples of vegetables; cheeseand milk are examples of dairy products; meat, fish, beans, and eggs are examples of protien; and bread, cereal, rice, and pasta are examples of grains.
Which of the following basic nutrients does NOT contain any calories?
Define the terms adequate intake and tolerable upper intake level.
Adequate intake refers to a recommendation that's made when specific data isn't strong enough to make it an RDA, but there's enough evidence for general guidelines. Tolerable upper intake level refers to the maximum amount of a nutrient that a person can take without risking adverse health effects.
Approximate the BMR for a 180-lb, sedentary man over a 24-hour period.
Formula: 1 calorie per hour for every kilogram (2.2 lbs) of body weight
Sedentary: Add 200 calories per day
180 / 2.2 = 82 82 x 24(hrs) = 1,968 1,968 + 200 = 2,168 calories burned per day. Answers from 2,000 to 2,300 are acceptable.
Protein can be found in both animals and vegetables.
Excess nutrients can be just as detrimental to a person's health as nutrient deficiencies.
The basal metabolic rate measures the rate at which a person's body burns food and nutrient __________.
Consider the nutrition label that is found on food products. Do you believe it provides relevant information to a potential consumer? Why or why not?
Students are free to agree or disagree but must provide rational support for their answer. For instance, a student may observe that the listed serving sizes are misleading, since people may tend to consume all of a product that contains multiple servings. Other students may find that the layout flows in a logical manner and highlights the majority of essential nutrients.
What steps should vegetarians take to ensure they get proper levels of protein?
Vegetarians should eat a variety of foods in order to get all nine amino acids. Examples include eating dairy products, nuts, rice, and assorted beans.
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