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all chromosomes except the sex chromosomes


the constricted portion of a chromsome where the chromtids join.


half of a chromosome


refers to having two sets of chromosomes


refers to having one set of chromsomes


proteins that help the chromosomes maintain shape and coiling of the chromosome

homologous chromsomes

The two copies of each autosome


A photomicrograph of a complete set of chromsomes


proteins that help the DNA carry on activties.

sex chromosomes

the chromosomes that help determine the sex of the individual

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