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Olive Branch Petition
(July, 1775) Loyalty pledge sent to King George III that asked him to intercede with Parliament for peace
Author of Common Sense; believed all the colonists should break ties with Great Britain
Commander of the British "Redcoats" in Boston who sent a large force to seize colonists' military supplies in Concord and ordered the arrest of resistance leaders, like Samuel Adams
(June 17, 1775) "Breeds Hill"; Was the bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War; Was also the first true battle
He was president of the Second Continental Congress and the first to sign the Declaration of Independence
Battle of Trenton/ Battle of Princeton
American victory against the Hessians in Trenton; Washington saves the army by crossing the Deleware River; these battles gave Americans hope
Many were Loyalists; After the Revolution the power of their church was permanently weakened
Richard Henry Lee
"These United Colonies are, and of a right ought to be, free and independent states."
Articles of Confederation
The nation's first constitution, adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution
Slaves constituted half or more of the population during the Revolutionary War in this colony
Where the Declaration of Independence was signed; Where the Second Continental Congress met
Called for a repeal of the Intolerable Acts and for the colonists to enforce strict non-importation, make military preparations, arm themselves, resist the British, and enact other sanctions
Allied with the Patriots after the Patriots won the Battle of Saratoga; supported the Patriots with extra supplies, troops, and a navy
Women who followed their men by choice or economics into war, kept morale up and performed household tasks
She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create
Privately owned warships commissioned to prey on the commercial shipping or warships of an enemy nation
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Ended Native American hopes of keeping their land that lay north of the Ohio River
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