Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Chapter 8 Vocab
Terms in this set (58)
-gained election to the Virginia Convention (a revolutionary assembly replacing the defunct royal government)
-represented Virginia in continental congress
Woman who wants equal rights for women and doesn't believe they get the representation they deserve.
an important political person eho urged farmers of MA to not discuss the scope of suffrage but to simply adopt the traditional colonial property qualifications (all that voting requirements) and he anticipated complaints from women youth and poor men but not slaves
author of the Virginia Bill of Rights
-all men are by nature equally free and independent except slaves ( americans are equals to the British and shouldn't be denied the liberties of the British citizens)
Paul and John Cuffe (Massachusetts)
refused to pay taxes for 3 years because they weren't represented and they could not vote
Quok Walker (Massachusetts)
a slave who charged his master for battery and assault arguing that he was a free man under the states constitution which stated that "all men are both free and equal"
Robert Morris (Pennsylvania)185-186,189,196
a wealthy Philadelphia merchant who served s superintendent of finance.
allied with the british against the frecnch and the Huron tribe
Huron Indians 198
Had good relatioins with the French, allied with them in the French indan war. Rivals with the iroquois.
a veteran of the American Revolution who led rebels in an armed uprising (Shays' Rebellion) in central and western Massachusetts (mainly Springfield) from 1786 to 1787. They were angered by what they felt to be crushing debt and taxes.
Shay's Rebellion 1786-87
-this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
James Bowdoin 199-200
Governor of Massachusetts who organized protests against British taxes, now characterized with western dissidents as illegal rebels.
-Pro Constitutional forces
-Led by Alexander Hamilton, the Federalists believed in a strong central government, loose interpretation, and encouraged commerce and manufacturing. They were staunch supporters of the Constitution during ratification and were a political force during the early years of the United States. The Federalist influence declined after the election of Republican Thomas Jefferson to the presidency and disappeared completely after the Hartford Convention.
-they were mostly commoners who were afraid of strong central government and being taken advantage of. They included Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams.
Virginia Convention 185
a revolutionary assembly replacing the defunct royal government.
called for the state constitution to be based off of "the authority of the people"
Articles of Confederation
Adopted in 1781 during the Revolutionary War, the Articles established the United States of America. The Articles granted limited powers to the central government, reserving most powers for the states. The result was a poorly defined national state that couldn't govern the country's finances or maintain stability. The Constitution replaced them in 1789.
invoked a way oaf thinking about what leaders should be like: virtuous citizens who think about others before they think about themselves, and autonomous
bills of rights
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratification of the Constitution, they did ensure that the Bill of Rights would be created to protect individuals from government interference and possible tyranny. The Bill of Rights, drafted by a group led by James Madison, consisted of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, which guaranteed the civil rights of American citizens.
manumission law 191-193
- is the act of a slave owner freeing their slaves
-many of the new states passed laws allowing slaveholders to declare slaves free by filing papers
-a long-term solution to the slavery problem
-He urged the House and Senate to adopt a constitutional amendment under which states that abolished slavery by 1900 would be compensated by the federal government.
Something, such as a tax or duty, that is imposed.
Bank of North America
-Morris' idea of a private bank that would enjoy a special relationship with the confederation, holding government's "hard money" as well as private deposits, and providing it with short term loans
pieces of paper inscribed with a dollar value but was back up by "hard money" in a bank vault so it would lose value.
The primary effect of the Northwest Ordinance is the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River.
Ordinance of 1784
the rectangular grid, the ten states, and the guarantee of self-government and eventual statehood.
Ordinance of 1785
called for 3 to 5 states divided into townships, 6 miles square, further divided into thirty sic sections of 640 acres, each section enough for 4 families
Fort Stanwix 1784
Treaty signed by the United States and the pro-British Iroquois granting Ohio Country to the Americans.
Fort McIntosh 1785
Treaty between the United States government and representatives of the Wyandotte, Delaware, Chippewa and Ottawa nations of Native Americans. The treaty was signed at Fort McIntosh, 1785.
-ensured that the new United States would not itself become a colonial power
-established allowed for the successful and orderly expansion of the United States across the continent in the next century
the best way to constitute a government on republican principles
Constitutional Convention 1787
In response to the Annapolis Convention's suggestion, Congress called for the states to send delegates to Philadelphia to amend the Articles of Confederation. Delegates came to the convention in May 1787, and drafted an entirely new framework that would give greater powers to the central government. This document became the Constitution.
-a plan to set out a 3 branch government composed of a 2 chamber legislature, a powerful executive, and a judiciary.
-practically eliminated the voice of the smaller states by pegging representation in both houses of the congress to population.
New Jersey Plan
-maintained the existing single-house congress of the Articles of Confederation in which each state had one vote.
-created a plural presidency to be shared by 3 men elected by the congress from among its membership.
an agreement between large and small states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It proposed a bicameral legislature, resulting in the current United States Senate and House of Representatives.
-all free persons plus "3/5 of all other person's" constituted the numerical base for the apportionment of representatives.
-"all of persons" is a substitute for slaves.
-because they didn't know whether or not slaves counted as people or property
Second Continental congress meets
Virginia adopts state bill of rights
Articles of Confederation sent to states
State constitutions completed
-Pennsylvania institutes gradual emancipation
-Massachusetts extends suffrage to taxpaying free blacks
-Articles of confederation ratified
-Creation of executive departments
-Bank of North America Chartered
-Slave Quok Walker successfully sues for freedom
Virginia relaxes state manumission law
Treaty of Paris signed,ending the Revolutionary War
-Gradual emancipation laws passed in Rhode Island and Connecticut
-Treaty of Fort Stanwix
-Virginia adopts Statue of Religious Freedom
-Shay's Rebellion begins
-Shay's Rebellion crushed
-Delaware provides manumission law
-Constitutional convention meets in Philadelphia
U.S Constitution ratified
Maryland provides manumission law
Gradual emancipation law passed in New York
Gradual emancipation law passed in New Jersey
Why was the confederation government's authority so limited?
How did states determine who would be allowed to vote?
Why did farmers in western Massachusetts revolt against the state legislature?
Why did the government proposed by the constitutional convention employ multiple checks on each branch?
Recommended textbook explanations
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
American Anthem: Modern American History (California)
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
Creating America: Beginnings through World War I
Sets found in the same folder
APUSH ID Terms Chapter 9
Period 1 - AP US HISTORY
APUSH Jacksonian Democracy
US History Chapter 11 Test Multiple Choice
Sets with similar terms
us history test 3
APUSH unit 3
Chapter 7 History Park Tudor 8th grade
Chapter 7 History Park Tudor 8th grade
Other sets by this creator
Criminal Justice Final - Death Penalty and Wrongfu…
Criminal Justice Final - Gun Control
Criminal Justice Final - Drugs and Crime
Criminal Justice Systems Final - Corrections
Other Quizlet sets
Biology Chapter 13
air masses review questions
Lecture 47 Hubs
Chapter 3 Chromosome transmission during cell divi…