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28 terms

Art History Exam 1: Architecture

STUDY
PLAY
Stonehenge
-Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire England
-Neolithic Period
-MEGALITH; HENGE
The Ziggurat at Ur
-Field brick over mud brick core
-Mesopotamian
-ZIGGURAT; INNANA (NANNA-SIN)
Step Pyramid of King Zoser
-Saqqara
-by Imhotep
-cut stone
-Old Kingdom, Egypt
-MASTABA; KA
The Great Pyramids at Gizeh
-limestone and granite
-Old Kingdom, Egypt
-MASTABA; KA
The Pyramid of the Sun
-Teotihuacan,Mexico
-Pre-Columbian
-TEOTIHUACAN
Buddhist Temple of Borabudur
-Java, Indonesia
-Buddhist
-STUPA; MANDALA
Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amun
-Karnak
-New Kingdom Egyptian
-PYLON ENTRANCE; HYPOSTYLE HALL; CLERESTORY
Second Temple of Hera
-Paestum, Italy
-Stone
-Greek Classical
-ACROPOLIS; CLASSICAL ORDERS
Parthenon
-Acropolis, Athens
-by Kallikrates and Iktinos
-Marble
-Greek Classical
-ACROPOLIS; CLASSICAL ORDERS
Temple of Portunus
-Rome
-tufa and travertine overlaid with plaster on a concrete base
-Roman Republic
-PSEUDO-PERIPTERAL; PILASTER; CONCRETE
Pont du Gard (Aqueduct)
-Nimes France
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS
Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheatre)
-Rome
-Begun by Vespasian
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS
Forum of Trajan
-Rome
-by Apollodorus of Damascus
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS
Basilica Ulpia
-Forum of Trajan
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS
Pantheon
-Rome
-by Emperor Hadrian
-Roman Empire
-ARCH; BARREL OR TUNNEL VAULT; CROSS OR GROIN VAULT; DOME; FORUM; BALILICA; OCULUS; ROMAN GRID PLAN--CARDO & DECUMANUS
Atrium of the House of the Menander
-Pompeii
-DOMUS (ATRIUM, IMPLUVIUM, CONPLUVIUM, PERISTYLE GARDEN)
Old St. Peters Basilica
-Rome
-Plan: Cross section and Reconstruction drawing of the interior
-Early Christian
-CONSTANTINE; BASILICA OR LATIN CROSS CHURCH PLAN (ATRIUM, NARTHEX, NAVE, AISLES, TRANSCEPT, APSE); CENTRALLY PLANNED CHURCH (NAVE; AMBULATORY)
Interior, Santa Costanza
-Rome
-Early Christian
-CONSTANTINE; BASILICA OR LATIN CROSS CHURCH PLAN (ATRIUM, NARTHEX, NAVE, AISLES, TRANSCEPT, APSE); CENTRALLY PLANNED CHURCH (NAVE; AMBULATORY)
San Vitale
-Ravenna, Italy
-Byzantine
-JUSTINIAN; PENDENTIVES; HALF-DOMES, SCREEN WALL
Hagia Sophia
-Istanbul (Constantinople), Turkey
-Byzantine
-JUSTINIAN; PENDENTIVES; HALF-DOMES, SCREEN WALL
Chinese Imperial City of Chang-An
-Chinese Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR
The Great Stupa at Sanchi
-India
-Indian Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR
Shinto Shrine at Ise Japan
-Japan
-Japanese Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR
Temple Complex at Angkor Wat
-Cambodia
-Cambodian Architecture
-STUPA; TORANA; MANDALA; SHINTO, ANGKOR
Pilgrimage Church of Saint Foy at Conques
-France
-Romanesque
-PILGRIMAGE; SANTIAGO DE CAMPOSTELA, RELIC; RELIQUARY (ROMANESQUE CHURCH PAN: NAVE, SIDE AISLE, TRANSCEPT, CROSSING, AMBULATORY, RADIATING CHAPELS); ROUND ARCHESL BARREL VAULTS; CLERESTORY
Mosque at Cordoba
-Spain
-Islamic
-MOSQUE; HYPOSTYLE HALL, QUIBLA; MINARET
Plan of and Ideal Monastery at St. Gall, Switzerland
-Switzerland
-Medieval Monastery
-MONASTERY SCRIPTORIUM
Cathedral of Notre Dame, Chartres
-France
-Gothic
-GOTHIC; ABBOT SUGER; CATHEDRAL; (PARTS--POINTED ARCHES; RIBBED CROSS VAULTS; CLERESTORY; FLYING BUTTRESSES; CLUSTER PIERS)