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92 terms

A&P Chp 8

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scapula
Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton?
none of the above (all are related): scapula, metatarsals femur, & humerus
Which of the following is not a component of the appendicular skeleton?
relatively weak joints
Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?
proximal end of clavicle
Which of the following is located closest to the jugular notch?
clavicle
Which of these is most commonly fractured in a fall?
distally with the acromion
The clavicle articulates with the scapula:
acromion
The clavicle articulates with the scapula at the:
greater tubercle
Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?
olecranon fossa
The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the:
radius
Which of these is a forearm bone?
all: olecranon, styloid process, & trochlear notch
Which of these surface features does the ulna possess?
deltoid tuberosity
The surface feature present along the lateral boarder of the shaft of he humerus is the:
all: humerus, ulna, & carpals
The radius articulates with the:
styloid process
The ___ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.
metacarpals
The bones that form the palm are the:
carpals
The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the:
phalages
The bones that form the fingers are the:
8
The carpus contains ___ bones.
ulna, radius, humerus, & carpals
Which of the following "is" an upper limb bone? (not: metatarsals)
sacrum, coccyx, coxal bone
Which of the following "is" a part of the pelvis? (not: lumbar vertebrae)
femur
What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?
3
Each one of the coxal bones is formed by the fusion of ___ bones.
ilium
The largest component coxal bone is the:
iliac crest
The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is the:
ilium
The greater sciatic notch is a feature on the:
ilium
The sacrum articulates with the:
ischial tuberosities
When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the:
obturator foramen
The pubic and ischial rami encircle the:
femur
The largest and heaviest bone in the body is the:
talus
The distal end of the tibia articulates with the:
linea trochanter
Powerful hip muscles attach posteriorly to the femur along the:
tibia
The medial bulge at your ankle is a projection from the:
fibula
The lateral malleolus is found on the:
tibia
The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ___ by the interosseous membrane.
7
The tarsus contains ___ bones.
calcaneus
Which of the following is the heel bone?
both: distal metarsals, & calcaneus
The weight of the body is supported by the:
hallux
Another name for the first toe is:
angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the male pelvis?
triangular obturator foramen, sacrum broad and short, bone markings not very prominent, & ischial spine points posteriorly
Which of the following "is" a characteristic of the female pelvis? (not: coccyx points anterioly)
all: sex, age and nutrition status, & size and handedness
Study of human skeletons can reveal information concerning the person's:
both: has a greater angle inferior to the pubic symphysis, & has a smaller average cranium
Compared to the male skeleton, the female skeleton:
pelvis
The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the:
closure of the fontanels, reduction in mineral content, appearance of major vertebral curves, & fusion of the coxal bones
Which of the following "is" a developmentally controlled process? (not: bone remodeling)
clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.
The only direct connection between the pectoral gridle and the axial skeleton is where the:
ilium, ischium, and pubis
Each coxal bone consists of the following three fused bones:
femur
The largest bone of the lower limb is the:
iliac fossa
The pelvic organs are mostly found within the:
scapula
The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle.
clavicles and scapulae
Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?
scapula humerus
The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?
medial
In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ___ to the radius.
notch
Lateral to the coronoid process, the radial ___ accommodates the head of the radius in the radio-ulnar joint.
8; 2
There are ___ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ___ rows of bones in the wrist.
14
Each hand has ___ phalangeal bones.
coccyx, coxal bones, & sacrum
Which of these bones "was" formed by the fusion of several bones? (not: femur)
gluteal lines
Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscles?
coccyx, ischial tuberosities, & inferior border of the pubic symphysis
Which of these "is" one of the boundaries of pelvic outlet? (not: iliac crest)
smaller
A male has a ___ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet.
femur
The longest bone is the:
calcaneus
The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?
the first statement is false but the second statement is true
The hand has 15 phalangeal bones; the foot has 14 phalangeal bones.
fibia, metatarsal, patella, & femur
Which of the following "is" a lower limb bone? (not: tibia)
both: superior border, & lateral border
The scapula is roughly triangular in shape. Which of the following are correct terms for the borders?
wrist
Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone, what part of her body was injured?
distal metarsals and calcaneus
When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the:
all: calcaneus, navicular bone, & tibial bone
The talus contact the:
has a more restricted range of movement
Compared to the hand, the foot:
his foot
Tom stumbles and injures his hallux. What part of his anatomy is injured?
both: distally with the acromial process, & proxiamlly with the manubrium
The clavicle articulates with the scapula.
weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals
The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot, A problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?
a young male
On a field trip you discover a skeleton with the following characteristics. The acetabulum is directed laterally, the ischial spine points medially, and the angle inferior to the pubic symphysis is less than 90 degrees. The long bones of the arms and legs are relatively light and show epiphyseal plates. This skeleton is probably from:
medial epicondyle
Identify the structure labled "9"
3
Which structure does the radius rotate upon?
8
When the arm is straight, which structure accepts the olecranon?
6
Identify the place where the humerus often fractures.
5
Which structure articulates with the glenoid cavity?
navicular
Identify the bone labled "7"
calcaneus
Identify the bone labeled "1"
2
On which bone does the tibia press?
8
Identify the bones named for their wedge shape.
metatarsals
Identify the bones labeled "9"
spine
Identify the structure labeled "7"
coracoid process
Identify the structure labeled "1"
5
Which structure is the acromion?
glenoid cavity
Identify the structure labeled "2"
humerus
What bone articulates on the structure labeled "2"?
greater trochanter
Identify the structure labeled "2"
lateral epicondyle
Identify the structure labeled "3"
5
Which structure articlates with the acetabulum?
7
Identify the diaphysis of the femur.
linea aspera
Identify the structure labeled "12"