APWH 9 India

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Maurya
Powerful Indian Dynasty established in the 4th century B.C. following the invasion by Alexander the Great.
Ashoka
Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India (r. 270-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing. (p. 184)
Bactria
Region in northwestern India ruled by Greek-speaking descendants of Alexander's veterans.
Kush
These nomadic central Asian conquerors defeated Bactria, facilitated trade between India and parts northward, and promoted Buddhist art.
Gupta
Indian dynasty beginning around the 4th century A.D. Their rule brought stability and mathematical innovation.
Jainism
Religion promulgated by Vardhamana Mahavira that believes everything possesses a soul that can ony be cleaned by nonviolence and extreme asceticism.
Siddhartha Gautama
Indian prince whose meditations led him to become the Buddha.
Bodhisattvas
In Buddhism, people who are near nirvana but postpone it in order to guide others.
Theravada Buddhism
The older of the two great schools of Buddhist doctrine. Emphasizes personal salvation through your own efforts and downplays gods.
Mahayana Buddhism
"Great Vehicle" branch of Buddhism most popular in China, Japan, and Central Asia. The focus is on reverence for Buddha and for bodhisattvas.