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108 terms

Info tech final exam

STUDY
PLAY
file extension
helps identify what the file is and what program opens it
.avi, .wmv, .mpg
some video file types?
.mp3, .wav, .wma
some audio file types?
.jpg, .bmp, .gif, .png
some picture files?
.zip
compressed file
drive
a device attached to a computer used to store various media
floppy drive-A; Hard drive-C; Network drive-H; USB drive-D
what are the types of drives and their letters?
back-up our files
why do we have drives and other media?
Information Technology
what does IT stand for?
computer
programmable machine that stores, retrieves, and processes data
CPU
brain of computer or does calculation
motherboard
connects all parts together
storage device
stores information
input and output devices
interact with and get feedback from
hertz
speed
bytes
storage
operating system
manages files systems, controls imput and output devices, and facilitates networking
file path
C:\temp\file1.doc
filename
file1.doc
location
hard drive - C drive
path
C:\temp
malware
software designed to infiltrate or damage a computer system without a user's information consent
infectious malware
viruses and worms
concealment
trojan horses
malware for profit
spyware
pop-ups, security holes, untrustworthy files, software with malware bundled in it
what are ways we get malware?
with user interaction
how do viruses spread?
without user interaction
how do worms spread?
delete/destroy files, slow computer down, steal information, crash computers
why are viruses and worms harmful?
antivirus software
how do we get rid of viruses and worms?
an IT security device that will permit or deny traffic to protect our information
what is a firewall and why do we have it?
both
is a firewall software or hardware?
malware and malicious people
what do firewalls protect against?
controls where people go when they leave our network
what do filters do?
protect our computers by keeping out malware and block sites that go against our code of conduct
why do we have filters?
our information is vulnerable
why do we have security on the internet?
encryption
process of obscuring information to make it unreadable without special knowledge
cryptography
study of message security
http; padlock icon
how can you tell if a website is secure?
spam and phishing
what are two things to be concerned with in email security?
spam
electronic junk mail
phishing
con game used to gain personal information
password
form of authentic data used to control access to a resource
online profiling
websites that obtain as much information from the user as possible
targeted advertising
information is analyzed to present specific advertisements
privacy policy
websites will indicate what information is taken and what they do with it
cookies
files that are placed on the computer to track your online habits
network
two or more computers connected together via a telecom system in order to share resources and information
data
what do telecomm systems send?
share resources, information and communicate
why do we have computer networks in the world?
wired and wireless
what are the two types of networks?
access points
how do we connect to SUA's network?
telephone number; unique
describe an IP
internet
all smaller networks working together in the world
radio waves
what do we use to communicate on wireless networks?
internet protocol
what does IP stand for?
no
are wireless networks secured by default?
encryption
how do we secure wireless networks?
WEO and WPA
what are the two main types of wireless security?
webpage
resource of information suitable for the world wide web accessed through a web browser
domain name
how we refer to websites
domain name system
what does DNS stand for?
hypertext markup language
what does HTML stand for?
what you see is what you get
what does WYSIWYG stand for?
dynamic and static
what are the two types of content that webpages usually have on them?
podcasts
media files that destributed by subscription using syndication
web feed
format used to provide updated content
aggregator
software that is used to collect all syndicated feeds into one place
blog
user generated website with reverse chronological entries
wiki
website that allows visitor to add, change, remove, or edit
add, change, remove, edit
what can be don to a wiki?
collaborative software
wikis use what type of software?
social media
what are blogs and wikis types of?
Really Simple Syndication
what does RSS stand for?
word choice and sentence structure
what does tone refer to in terms of emails?
Carbon Copy
what does Cc stand for?
blind carbon copy
what does Bcc stand for?
Cc
information purposes
Bcc
hide recipients name and provide security for email addresses
addressing, audience, subject lines, open and close property, grammar, proofread, and watch sarcasm
what are the guidelines for good etiquette?
email flaming
abusive messages
cyberbullying
deliberate recurring harm through electronic messages
plagiarism
taking the ideas of others and offering them as your own
inadvertent and intentional
what are the two types of plagiarism?
copyrights
rights that regulate an idea or expression
music, art, literary works, software and movies
what do copyrights protect?
copy, distribute, display, modify, perform
what are the five rights of copyrights?
license
permission given by the owner to use the work
public domain
work that isn't owned by anyone
fair use
allows educators to use copyrighted work
patents
rights that protect inventions
trademark
sign of a business or organization
intellectual property
product of the mind that are protected under law
digital rights management
what does DRM stand for?
reverse engineering
studying things by taking them apart, and learning how they work
binary digit
what does bit stand for?
8
how many bits are in a byte
ascii
used to translate words or letters into binary code
artificial intelligence
capacity of a computer to learn and make decisions in order to solve problems
searching, fitting constraints, recognizing patterns, logical inferences
what are the four methods of solving problems that make up AI
searching
finding answers based on reasoning and planning
fitting constraints
finding answers based on what fits into the confined space
recognizing patterns
finding answers by picking what matches the criteria
logical inferences
finding answer by using reasoning, inductionm, and deduction
search engine
what is an example of searchng?
police face prints
what is an example of fitting constraints?
neural networks
what is an example of recognizing patterns?
war games and video games
what is an example of logical inferences?