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19 terms

WH Chapter 18 Vocab

STUDY
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Olympia de Gouges
executed for demanding equal rights for French women
bourgeoisie
French middle class
Continental System
tactic by Napoleon to close European ports to Britich goods
plebiscite
popular vote by ballot
geurilla warfare
war tactic of hit and rtun raids
Napoleonic Code
group of laws that reflected Enlightenment principles
Marquis de Lafayette
head of the French National Guard, he fought alongside Washington
Robespierre
main leader of the Reign of Terror
ancien regime
old order in which France was divided into three social classes
guillotine
method for carrying out executions during the Reign of Terror
Bastille
Paris prison for political prisoners
Estates-General
legislative body of France consisting of the three estates of French society
emigre
those nobles, clergy, and others who fled revolutionary France
sans-culotte
working class men and women
Jacobins
Radical political club who supported the republic
Napoleon
French general who rose to become Emperor
Reign of Terror
Period in 1793-94 in which many enemies of the Republic were executed
scorched-earth policy
tactic of burning shelter, crops, and anything useful to the enemy when an army retreats
abdicate
to step down from power