- Escape. This is the flight response that is usually the first course of action. If you run into a predator or other creature that is potentially dangerous, the best option is to avoid the threat altogether. However, avoiding all conflicts, or
anything remotely challenging, would be unhealthy and prevent significant
growth and productivity.
-Aggression. This is the fighting alternative when escape is not advisable. If you feel backed into a corner, or feel unable to avoid a danger, the next best option
is to fight back, perhaps preemptively to discourage an attack. When this strategy is misused, a person can become verbally or physically abusive towards others, a bully, who hurts others before she can become harmed.
-Submission. Observe animals in the wild, whether chimpanzees, moose, or lions, and you will see their rituals designed to establish a dominance hierarchy for
priority in mating privileges—only the fittest are allowed to reproduce their genes, which preserves the strength of the group. Surrendering to a stronger foe is a sensible alternative to almost certain defeat and injury. However, some
people become passive, submissive, and withdrawn in order to avoid rejection or threat of any kind
-Freezing. When confronted with a sudden threat, such as a snake or predator,
the most immediate reaction is to freeze. This gives you time to assess the level
of threat, at the same time that you reduce the possibility of an attack. After all,
many animals attack only in response to movement. What may once have served
a useful purpose can still be found in the tendency of some people to become
immobilized, or freeze, under pressure.