22 terms

ES Topic 2 Vocab

Topic 2 of the Brief Review for Earth Science
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Hydrosphere
Layer of liquid water which lies between the atmosphere and crust
Coordinate system
System for determining a point
Latitude
Angular distance north or south of the equator
Prime Meridian
Meridian that passes through Greenwich, England
Gradient
Rate of change from place to place; slope
Field
Measurable value of a given quantity at every point
Elevation
Vertical Distance above or below sea level
Profile
Side view of an area's landscape
Model
Way of representing the properties of an object or system
Atmosphere
Layer of gases that surround the Earth
Contour lines
Line which connects points of equal elevation
Earth's interior
Region extending from the rocky part of Earth's surface to Earth's center
Longitude
Angular distance east or west of the prime meridian
Crust
Upper portion of the lithosphere
Topographic map
Commonly used model of the elevation field on the Earth's surface;contour map
Isoline
Any line that connects points of equal field lines
Lithosphere
Layer of rock that forms the solid outer shell
Pauses
Interfaces, or boundaries of the Earth's atmospheric layers
Isobar
An isoline that connects points of equal pressure
Equator
Middle location on Earth's surface, halfway between the geographic North and South poles
Isotherm
An isoline which connects points of equal temperature
Meridian of Longitude
Any semi-circle on Earth's surface connecting the North and South Pole
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