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46 terms

AP Art History-Roman Art

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barrel vault
semi-cylindrical in cross section; a deep arch or uninterrupted series of arches one behind another
groin vault
formed at the point at which two barrel vaults intersect at right angles
pseudoperipteral
series of engaged columns all around the siddes and back of the cella to give appearance of peripteral colonnade
ampitheater
outdoor arena with circular set-up and rows of seats ascending in height
atrium
large central reception area
basilica
Roman public building, generally located in the town's forum
cubiculum
small bedrooms
forum
public space in middle of a Roman city
impluvium
basin for rainwater
peristyle garden
with marble tables and splendid murals
triclinium
dining room
fauces
narrow foyer
tablinium
home office
peristyle
colonnade around atrium
colosseum
elliptical amphitheater in the center of Rome
Pont-du-Gard
aqueduct in South of France built by the Roman empire
rusticated masonry
squared-off and left with a more or less rough surface, with a deep "V" emphasizing edges of each block
apotheosis
the ascent of a mortal to heaven
apse
a semicircular recess in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church
basilica
civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance usually on a long side
Circus Maximus
famous competition with large arena
continuous narration
the convention of the same figure appearing more than once in the same space at different stages in a story
encaustic painting
technique in which pigment is mixed with hot wax and applied to the surface while hot
equestrian portrait
a portrait of a Roman on his horse; conveys pride and authority
insula
a multistory apartment ouse, generally made of a brick-faced concrete; also refers to an entire city block
oculus
round central opening of a dome
caladrium
hot water section of a Roman bathing establishment
frigidarium
the cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
tepidarium
warm water section of Roman bathing establishment
tempera
painting method, using pigment mixed with egged yolk
verism
super realism; as seen in Republican portraits
engaged column
column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall
catacomb
Subterranean network of rock cut galleries and chambers, designed as cemeteries for burial of dead
swags
conventional arrangements of flowers, foliage or fruit bound and suspended by ribbons
molding
continuous, narrow surface (projecting or recessed) designed to break up a surface, to accent or to decorate
meander
an ornament, usually in bands but also covering broad surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs
broken pediment
a pediment open or broken at the apex; gap filled with an urn, cartouche, or other ornament
coffers
sunken panel in the shape of a rectangle, square, or octagon in a ceiling or vault; used in Pantheon's construction to keep it light with such a big dome
drum
upright part of building on which a dome is raised
rosettes
painted, carved, or sculpted ornament having a circular ornament parts radiating out from the center like petals of a rose
menorah
seven-branched candelabrum; symbol of Judaism for nearly 3000 years and emblem of Israel
spandrels
space between an arch and a rectangular enclosure or two arches
atmospheric perspective
as distance between an object and viewer increases, contrast between the object and it background is reduced
still life
paintings (and sometimes sculpture) that depict familiar objects such as household items and food.
tondo
circular work of art; either a painting or a sculpture
diptych
any object with two flat plates attached a hinge