100 terms

Pre- Test:Final Exam

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Which of the following has a short vowel?
A. elf
B. play
C. meet
D. own
E. use
A. elf
Which of the following has a soft c?
A. card
B. pace
C. cap
D. recount
E. court
B. pace
The adjective for neurosis is
A. neurotic
B. neurosic
C. neurotia
D. neuric
E. neurosal
A. neurotic
The suffix in dysentery is
A. ry
B. tery
C. enter
D. dys
E. y
E. y
All of the following are negative prefixes except
A. ante
B. de
C. dis
D. an
E. un
A. ante
he opposite of dextro- is
A. telo
B. sym
C. megalo
D. homeo
E. sinistro
E. sinistro
A word that describes organisms living together is
A. symbiosis
B. antibiosis
C. metabiosis
D. endobiosis
E. parabiosis
A. symbiosis
In adiposuria, the urine contains
A. sugar
B. carbohydrate
C. protein
D. cells
E. fat
E. fat
Steatorrhea is the discharge of
A. digestive enzymes
B. fats
C. alcohol
D. mucus
E. saliva
B. fats
The root myx/o means
A. mucus
B. oil
C. tears
D. sugar
E. flake
A. mucus
The opposite of prone is
A. supine
B. superior
C. pronated
D. prognathic
E. seated
A. supine
A synonym for circumocular is
A. periocular
B. juxtaocular
C. intraocular
D. paraocular
E. interocular
A. periocular
Death of tissue is termed
A. bruising
B. bleeding
C. rupture
D. allergy
E. necrosis
E. necrosis
A synonym for dilatation is
A. lithiasis
B. exacerbation
C. necrosis
D. ectasia
E. malacia
D. ectasia
Material that escapes from blood vessels as a result of injury is a(n)
A. fissure
B. exudate
C. polyp
D. fistula
E. adhesion
B. exudate
The prefix in malabsorption means
A. intense
B. labored
C. poor
D. rapid
E. nonspecific
C. poor
Biopsy is
A. examination of the abdomen
B. examination with an endoscope
C. removal of a cyst
D. removal of tissue for microscopic examination
E. surgical repair of an incision
D. removal of tissue for microscopic examination
A symptom is
A. a course of treatment
B. determination of the cause of disease
C. outcome of a disease
D. evidence of a disease
E. infectivity of a disease
D. evidence of a disease
Sequelae are
A. the symptoms of approaching disease
B. a protein that appears in the blood in certain diseases
C. prescriptions for treatment
D. the lasting effects of a disease
E. the causes of fever
D. the lasting effects of a disease
A catheter is
A. a record of disease
B. an abnormal sound
C. destruction of tissue
D. a type of staple used in surgery
E. a thin tube
E. a thin tube
Phytomedicine is
A. chiropractic
B. biofeedback
C. acupuncture
D. herbal medicine
E. exercise therapy
D. herbal medicine
All of the following are abbreviations for drugs except
A. INH
B. NSAID
C. APAP
D. ASA
E. FDA
E. FDA
A drug administered by the topical route is placed
A. into the mouth
B. in an aerosol
C. on the surface of the skin
D. under the skin
E. into the rectum
C. on the surface of the skin
Aloe, echinacea, and slippery elm bark are used to treat
A. prostate disease
B. anxiety
C. infection
D. hot flashes
E. skin irritation
C. infection
A lymphocyte is a
A. lymph node
B. cell found in the lymphatic system
C. cell that migrates to the heart
D. location within the lymphatic system
E. cell that produces a red blood cell
B. cell found in the lymphatic system
The abbreviation CPR stands for
A. cardiovascular resuscitation
B. chronic pulmonary resuscitation
C. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
D. creatine phosphoreaction
E. congestive peripheral restoration
C. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
phonocardiography is a(n)
A. photograph of the heart in action
B. recording of heart sounds
C. x-ray study of the heart
D. study of the heart using a catheter
E. type of stress test
B. recording of heart sounds
A sphygmomanometer is used to measure
A. pulse
B. temperature
C. sounds
D. fibers
E. blood pressure
E. blood pressure
Aortostenosis is
A. dilatation of the aorta
B. narrowing of the aorta
C. fissure of the aorta
D. rupture of the aorta
E. twisting of the aorta
B. narrowing of the aorta
The ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale are found in the
A. leg
B. head
C. young child
D. fetus
E. brain
D. fetus
A septum is a
A. pointed region of an organ
B. pathway through the heart
C. dividing wall
D. pathway in the circulation
E. valve
C. dividing wall
A vessel that carries blood back to the heart is a(n)
A. arteriole
B. capillary
C. artery
D. vein
E. aorta
D. vein
Hodgkin disease involves the
A. endocrine glands
B. cortex of the brain
C. bone marrow
D. lymphatic system
E. musculoskeletal system
D. lymphatic system
The prevention of blood loss is
A. hemorrhage
B. hematids
C. hematocrit
D. cross-matching
E. hemostasis
E. hemostasis
A group of blood enzymes active in immune responses is the
A. corpuscle
B. bilirubin
C. complement
D. adrenaline
E. plasmin
C. complement
Thrombocythemia is
A. a decrease in thrombocytes in the blood
B. an absence of platelets in the blood
C. an increase in platelets in the blood
D. a decrease in fibrinogen in the blood
E. an absence of plasma cells in the blood
C. an increase in platelets in the blood
All of the following are blood tests except
A. Diff
B. Hct
C. CBC
D. Ag
E. ESR
A. Diff
In hypokalemia, there is a(n)
A. excess of sodium in the urine
B. excess of calcium in the liver
C. deficiency of sodium in the blood
D. deficiency of potassium in the blood
E. excess of potassium in the kidney
D. deficiency of potassium in the blood
A laryngoscope is a(n)
A. device used to measure the larynx
B. instrument used to examine the larynx
C. instrument used to puncture the larynx
D. discharge from the larynx
E. drug used for laryngitis
B. instrument used to examine the larynx
Acute inflammation of the nose with profuse nasal discharge is
A. asphyxia
B. coryza
C. fremitus
D. stridor
E. plethysmography
B. coryza
Pleurocentesis is
A. surgical puncture of the lungs
B. excision of the pleura
C. pain in the lungs
D. pain in the pleural space
E. surgical puncture of the pleura
E. surgical puncture of the pleura
A temporary stoppage of breathing is
A. apnea
B. dyspnea
C. dysventilation
D. eupnea
E. polypnea
A. apnea
Pneumonopathy is
A. study of respiration
B. study of the lungs
C. faulty development of the lungs
D. any disease of the lungs
E. any disease of the respiratory tract
D. any disease of the lungs
The amount of air moved into or out of the lungs in quiet respiration is the
A. tidal volume
B. inspiratory capacity
C. expiratory reserve volume
D. forced vital capacity
E. vital capacity
A. tidal volume
Surgical creation of an opening into the middle portion of the small intestine is a(n)
A. jejunostomy
B. ileostomy
C. cecoduodenostomy
D. jejunectomy
E. jejunoscopy
A. jejunostomy
Cholemesis is
A. stoppage of bile flow
B. dilatation of the bile ducts
C. vomiting of bile
D. surgical removal of the gallbladder
E. destruction of the gallbladder
C. vomiting of bile
The term hemiglossal refers to
A. the salivary glands in the cheek
B. the position of the jaw
C. one half of the tongue
D. one naris
E. the upper part of the palate
C. one half of the tongue
The adjective gnathic refers to the
A. gums
B. teeth
C. nose
D. jaw
E. lips
D. jaw
Bile aids in the digestion of
A. carbohydrates
B. fats
C. proteins
D. amino acids
E. starch
B. fats
The adjective choledochal refers to the
A. bile
B. pancreatic duct
C. salivary duct
D. common bile duct
E. gallbladder
D. common bile duct
A method for removing waste material from the blood is
A. hemodialysis
B. urinalysis
C. catheterization
D. renal colic
E. hematuria
A. hemodialysis
The main nitrogen waste in urine is
A. potassium
B. calcium
C. glucose
D. urea
E. hematuria
D. urea
Nephropathy is
A. any disorder of the urinary bladder
B. surgical incision of the kidney
C. inflammation of the kidney
D. any disease of the kidney
E. dropping of the kidney
D. any disease of the kidney
Renin is an enzyme that activates
A. the kidney
B. angiotensin
C. testosterone
D. bone marrow
E. insulin
B. angiotensin
CAPD and CCPD are abbreviations for types of
A. renal failure
B. x-ray images
C. kidney function
D. dialysis
E. hormones
D. dialysis
BPH is an abbreviation for
A. enlargement of the prostate
B. a prostate-specific antigen
C. a sexually transmitted disease
D. a bladder obstruction
E. a reproductive hormone
A. enlargement of the prostate
The cell division that forms the sex cells is
A. meiosis
B. menarche
C. ejaculation
D. circumcision
E. karyoclasis
A. meiosis
Priapism is
A. inflammation of the prostate
B. tightening of the urogenital diaphragm
C. enlargement of the spermatic cord
D. accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
E. continuous erection of the penis
E. continuous erection of the penis
The tip of the penis is enlarged to form the
A. epididymis
B. glans penis
C. corpus spongiosum
D. penile urethra
E. Cowper gland
B. glans penis
A nullipara is a
A. woman who has never been pregnant
B. woman who has never given birth
C. newborn
D. developing fetus
E. woman who has had twins
B. woman who has never given birth
The external female genital organs together are called the
A. vesicle
B. bulbourethral glands
C. vulva
D. myometrium
E. Bartholin glands
C. vulva
The uterine tube is also called the
A. ductus deferens
B. vas deferens
C. spermatic cord
D. fallopian tube
E. vagina
D. fallopian tube
Pain during intercourse is
A. leukorrhea
B. dyspareunia
C. hydramnios
D. umbilicus
E. choriocarcinoma
B. dyspareunia
All of the following are used to detect fetal abnormalities except
A. chorionic villus sampling
B. amniocentesis
C. karyotype
D. ultrasonography
E. colposcopy
E. colposcopy
The scientific name for a fibroid is
A. rectocele
B. hydatidiform mole
C. leiomyoma
D. speculum
E. sentinel node
C. leiomyoma
Episiorrhaphy is
A. plastic repair of the cul-de-sac
B. removal of the cervix
C. prolapse of the uterus
D. prolapse of the vagina
E. suture of the vulva
E. suture of the vulva
The adrenal glands are located near the
A. liver
B. heart
C. gonads
D. thymus
E. kidneys
E. kidneys
Gonadotropins act on the
A. ovary and testis
B. ovary and mammary glands
C. midbrain and brain stem
D. scrotum and vulva
E. pituitary and adrenal glands
A. ovary and testis
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
A. inhibits the adrenal gland
B. acts on the adrenal cortex
C. stimulates the adrenal medulla
D. destroys adrenal tissue
E. causes a deficiency of cortisol
B. acts on the adrenal cortex
The glycated hemoglobin test is used in treating
A. hyperthyroidism
B. diabetes mellitus
C. Simmonds disease
D. diabetes insipidus
E. adrenogenital syndrome
B. diabetes mellitus
The endocrine glands secrete
A. mucus
B. serous fluid
C. hormones
D. saliva
E. sebum
C. hormones
Atelencephalia is incomplete development of the
A. heart
B. autonomic nervous system
C. cerebrospinal fluid
D. brain
E. cranial nerves
D. brain
A cortical neuron is in
A. the outer portion of the brain
B. a ventricle of the brain
C. the thalamus
D. the inner region of the brain
E. the medulla oblongata
A. the outer portion of the brain
A cerebrovascular accident occurs in the
A. femoral artery
B. saphenous vein
C. heart
D. brain
E. spleen
D. brain
A chemical used to communicate between nerve cells is a(n)
A. acid
B. neurotransmitter
C. neuron
D. alkali
E. sedative
B. neurotransmitter
A neuroleptic drug is used to treat
A. pain
B. bleeding
C. inflammation
D. psychosis
E. apnea
D. psychosis
White matter is covered with
A. gray matter
B. dendrites
C. myelin
D. actin
E. cortex
C. myelin
The six muscles attached to the outside of the eye are important for
A. proprioception
B. convergence
C. accommodation
D. adaptation
E. lubrication
B. convergence
Achromatopsia is
A. unequal vision in the two eyes
B. blindness in one half of the visual field
C. double vision
D. change in vision caused by old age
E. color blindness
E. color blindness
The part of the eye active in accommodation for near and far vision is the
A. sclera
B. cornea
C. iris
D. pupil
E. lens
E. lens
Em, ET, and XT refer to
A. intraocular pressure
B. visual acuity
C. deviation of the eyes
D. macular degeneration
E. hand movements
C. deviation of the eyes
An iridodilator
A. narrows the pupil
B. shortens the ciliary body
C. widens the iris
D. changes the color of the iris
E. thickens the lens
C. widens the iris
ORL refers to
A. ears, nose, and throat
B. eyes, ears, and vision
C. ears, vision, and hearing
D. nose, eyes, and throat
E. throat, mouth, and nose
A. ears, nose, and throat
BMD and DEXA pertain to studies of
A. bone density
B. articular cartilage
C. arthritis
D. joints
E. bone marrow
A. bone density
Rachiocentesis is a
A. measurement of the skull
B. spinal tap
C. curvature of the spine
D. fracture of a vertebra
E. projection on a bone
B. spinal tap
The cruciate ligaments are located in the
A. chest
B. wrist
C. ankle
D. foot
E. knee
E. knee
The cervical vertebrae are in the
A. chest
B. lower back
C. upper back
D. neck
E. sacrum
D. neck
Scoliosis, lordosis, and kyphosis are
A. enlargements of metatarsal joints
B. curvatures of the spine
C. forms of bursitis
D. abnormalities of the femur
E. forms of arthritis
B. curvatures of the spine
The olecranon is the
A. great toe
B. projection of the tibia
C. projection of the fibula
D. elbow
E. lower portion of the pelvis
D. elbow
Inflammation of many muscles is
A. polymyotonia
B. multimyitis
C. multimyopathy
D. polydystrophy
E. polymyositis
E. polymyositis
Torticollis is the medical term for
A. dislocation of a joint
B. inflammation of a joint
C. spasm of facial muscles
D. spasm of neck muscles
E. bleeding into a muscle
D. spasm of neck muscles
A nerve meets a muscle cell at the
A. neuromuscular junction
B. neuroendocrinic junction
C. neurotransmitter junction
D. articulation junction
E. rotation junction
A. neuromuscular junction
Tenotomy is
A. tearing of a tendon
B. movement of a tendon
C. incision of a tendon
D. splitting of a tendon
E. rupture of a tendon
C. incision of a tendon
Creatine kinase is
A. an enzyme found in muscle tissue
B. an autoimmune disease
C. a group of muscle fibers
D. a flat tendon
E. a type of muscle contraction
A. an enzyme found in muscle tissue
Diaphoresis is
A. excess sweating
B. white lines on the fingernails
C. infection of the sebaceous glands
D. staphylococcal infection
E. redness of the skin
A. excess sweating
The term onychoid refers to a
A. sebaceous gland
B. follicle
C. hair
D. nail
E. sweat gland
D. nail
In hypohidrosis, one would expect
A. reduced amount of sweat
B. excess production of saliva
C. reduced production of salivary enzymes
D. excess release of sebum
E. abrasion of the skin
A. reduced amount of sweat
The sudoriferous glands produce
A. saliva
B. sweat
C. tears
D. sebum
E. melanin
B. sweat
Pemphigus and lupus erythematosus are
A. tubercular infections
B. autoimmune diseases
C. actinic diseases
D. sarcomas
E. circulatory disorders
B. autoimmune diseases
A term that means below the abdomen is
A. supraabdominal
B. periabdominal
C. intraabdominal
D. circumabdominal
E. extra abdominal
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