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created by tim for ms mayer's AP euro class

Joan of Arc

An obscure peasant French girl whose vision and work revived French fortunes and led them to victory in the 100 Year's War

Great Famine

1315-1322; poor harvests and crops ruined by severe weather combined with price inflation, led to increase in disease and death, decrease in productivity

Black Death

Bubonic Plague. A disease spread by rats and fleas on ships. Spread in 1348


The boil that resulted from catching the Bubonic Plague, gave the plague its name and caused agonizing pain


People who whipped themselves to cleanse their sin--they thought Plague was God's punishment for sins.


This battle was fought in 1346 where the English King Edward III and his son Edward the Black Prince fought the French and Philip VI. The English defeated the French with their longbows.


a battle in northern France in which English longbowmen under Henry V decisively defeated a much larger French army in 1415


The feeling of unity and identity that binds together a people

Babylonian Captivity

Philip the Fair of France pressured Pope Clement V to settle in Avignon


A division that happened with the church, with Pope Urban VI in Rome and Anti-Pope Clement VIII in Avignon


Believed that reform of the church could be achieved through periodic assemblies, representing all the Christian people


Fine paid on a marriage during the Middle Ages in England. A peasant would pay a this to his lord upon the marriage of a woman. The justification for this was that when a woman married, her lord was losing a worker. Usually the bride's father would pay, as buying the right to give his daughter away.


a public announcement of a proposed marriage


Popular revolt in late medieval Europe by peasants that took place in northern France in 1358, during the Hundred Years' War. The revolt centered in the Oise valley north of Paris. This rebellion became known because the nobles derided peasants as "Jaques Bonhomme" (Jack Goodfellow)

Dalmil Chronicle

A survey of Bohemia history showed Czech hostility towards Germans. There were guild regulations making race and social class requirements.

Statute of Kilkenny

The most extensive attempt to prevent intermarriage and protect racial purity; 1366; defined how Irish and English people were to differ from one another to make race obvious


describing the cultural achievements during the 1300's-1500's


They were sworn associations of free men seeking complete political and economic independence from local nobles.


Italian underclass; a new force that disenfranchised and heavily taxed the people bitterly for being excluded from holding power. They used armed force and violence to take over the government. (p.416-417)


one man rulers or despots


the rule of merchant aristocracies


Personality uniqueness, full development of one's capabilities and talents


basic concern for the material world instead of with the eternal world of spirit


the revival of antiquity took the profound form of interest in and study of the latin classics.

The Prince

A powerful book on political power, how a ruler should gain it, maintain it, and increase it.


Was a tax on salt used by Charles VII to bring in income to rebuild France after the civil war (1453-1789)

Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges

statement of French king Charles VII asserting royal control over church appointments and the superiority of a general council over the papacy

Court of Star Chamber

Created by Henry VII with the sanction of Parliament in 1487, this court was intended to end the perversion of English justice by powerful nobles who used intimidation and bribery to win favorable verdicts in court cases. This court had the king's councilors as judges, and they were not moved by those tactics.

Justices of Peace

English handlers of local government/lawkeepers.


men that were given authority to act as both local police forces and as a judicial panel they dished out severe punishments that repressed violence

New Christians

People of other religions (ie Jews, Mormans, etc) converted to Christianity

Princely Courts

The place where a prince made laws, received ambassadors, ate meals, and made appointments

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