46 terms

Art History A CP - Unit 1

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How do fine arts differ from applied arts?
Fine Arts is the visual pleasure they provide or their success in communicating ideas or feelings as for Applied Arts they describe decoration of functional objects to please the eyes.
What kinds of valuable activities does one engage in when creating or examining works of art? Name two of the decisions you face.
Artists use their imaginations, creativity, and skills to express themselves in a tangible, visually appealing way.
Why is an arts education valued by today's leaders in business and industry?
An art education nourishes an appreciation of differing points of view, flexible thinking, and their self-discipline. Furthermore, it helps you recognize the importance of collaboration and teamwork.
Identify three places where a person can obtain information about art and artists.
Museums provide space for preserving, exhibiting, and viewing works of art. Online Resources and libraries today help you find exciting ways to explore art. Exhibits have galleries, shopping malls, schools, libraries, office buildings, and other locations.
Explain the difference between art media and art process.
Art media consist of the materials the artist uses to create artworks. Art process is the action involved in making art.
Define the term aesthetics. What concern do aestheticians share with art critics and art historians?
Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy concerned with identifying that criteria that are used to understand, judge, and defend judgements about works of art. Aestheticians share a concern for the study of arts with critics and art historians.
What two things must a person know before attempting to gather information from a work of art? Define the term criteria and how it is used in art.
You must know two things: What to look for and how to look for. Criteria means to gain advice.
How does the approach of an art critic differ from the approach of an art historians?
The Art Criticism operations enables you to examine and respond to a variety of visual art forms with a more critical eye as for Art History you have to determine who made them, as well as when, where, had, and why the painting was made.
Why would you study art from diverse and different cultures unfamiliar to you?
Art is often considered a kind of mirror to the past, a way of gaining valuable insights into bygone eras. You learn that by studying art, you prepare yourself for an active role in keeping your culture alive.
Why are the seven elements of art? How do they relate to the principles of art?
The elements of art are the basic components, or building blocks: color, value, line, texture, shape form, and space.
Give an example of Analogous color scheme?
Yellow-Green, Green, Blue-Green, Blue
What is the benefit of identifying the axis line in a work of art?
It can show you whether the object or objects have been organized in a particular direction.
Name five techniques Giorgione to create the illusion- dimensional a two-dimensional work of art.
Size, Placement, detail, color, and line, are used to create the illusion of three dimensional space in a two dimensional work of art
How do the principles of art use the elements of art in creating artworks? How do you achieve a unified design?
When working with any element, artist seek variety without chaos and harmony without monotony. The elements must fit together and work together to make a complete ad unified art.
Name and define the three types of balance.
1) Symmetrical Balance means a formal balance in which two halves of a work are identical; one half mirrors the other half.
2) Asymmetrical Balance is more informal and takes into account such qualities as hue, intensity, and value in addition to size and shape.
3) Radical Balance occurs when objects are positioned around center point.
How can harmony be achieved in creating a work of art?
A carefully determined blend of harmony and variety is essential to the success of almost any work of art. Both principles must be taken into account during the creative process.
Describe how the principle of movement influences a viewer looking at a work of art.
Movement is also used to direct the viewer's attention to a center of interest, or work are noted. This measurement is achieved through placement of elements so that the eye follows a certain path, such as the curve of a line, the contours of a shape, or the repetition of certain colors, textures, or shapes.
Name at least three day media used in drawing.
Dry media are those media that are applied dry; they include pencil, charcoal, crayon, and chalk or pastel.
Why types of subjects do artists depict in their works? What are some influences?
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What is a still life?
An arrangement of inanimate objects such as foods, plants, pots, and pans, has applied to many artists.
What are the three basics ingredients in paint? What are two tools for applying paint?
All of the paints are composed of three basic ingredients: Pigment, binder, and solvent.
Explain the difference between the two intaglio processes: etching and engraving.
The difference is that etching has a fine needle to draw an image through a protecting coating. Then the plate is placed in acid, which bites-or etches- the lines of the metal. Where the ground has been removed, as for engraving the lines are cut directly into the metal plate with a burin, or engraving tool. The lines made in this way are more pronounced and clear the fine lines produced by the etching process.
Explain how the process of lithography uses the importance of the principle that grease and water do not mix.
When the drawing is completed, it is chemically treated with a nitric acid solution. This makes the sections that have not been drawn or resistant to the printing ink. The surface is dampened with water and then inked. the greasy printing ink sticks to the equally greasy crayoned areas but is repelled by the wet, blank areas. Finally, the surface is covered with paper and run through a press to transfer the image.
List the concerns of a serious photographer.
These include decisions regarding subject, light conditions, and point of view, and the creative work done by the photographer in developing and printing.
List at least thee of the options and solutions a computer can present to an artist.
Artist can use a graphics tablet with a stylus, or a mouse connected to the computer, in the same way they would a pencil or paint brush.
Which sculpture process is addictive and which is subtractive?
Subtractive sculpture is the oldest from of sculpture and involves removing material, as in wood. Caring or stone sculpture to create a finished work. Additive sculpture is the process of creating sculpture by adding materials to create the work.
How is casting useful for a sculptor? What materials are usually involved in the process?
The melted down metal or other liquid substance is poured into a mold to harden. This method allows the artist to duplicate an original sculpture done in way, clay, plaster, or some other material.
Describe the assembly process and list five possible materials suitable for use in an assemblage.
Wood, plaster, canvas, and stone
What is kinetic art?
A sculptural from that actually moved in space.
In what way is the round arch an improvement over the post and lintel?
It's the earliest and simplest methods of building with stone is the post and lintel system, which involves placing a horizontal beam or lintel across the open two posts or space between two posts or other vertical supports.
What is the most important limitation of working with stone as a building material?
The most important of stone is the lack of tensile strength, the capacity of a material to withstand binding. stone, of course, does not bend. it can only span a narrow space before it cracks in the middle.
How is a barrel vault constructed? why were buildings constructed with barrel vaults dark and gloomy inside?
The barrel vault constructed several arches placed front to back to enclose space, like the post and lintel system, the barrel vault had limitations. Builders were reluctant to pierce the thick walls of vaulted buildings with windows; they feared that the openings would weaken the vault.
What brought about the dramatic change in wood construction in the 1800's?
When metal nails were manufactured in quantity and sawmills began to provide lumber in standard sizes, a more efficient method of wood construction, know as balloon framing, replaced the slow process of cutting, fitting, and fastening heavy posts and beans in place.
Aesthetics
A branch of philosophy concerned with identifying the criteria that are used to understand, judge, and defend judgements about works of art.
Barrel Vaults
Several arches which are placed front to back to enclose space
Elements of art
The building blocks of art that includes color, value, line, texture shape, form, and space.
Axis line
Can be helpful when trying to identify movement and the direction of movement in artwork
Symmetrical balance
Formal balance in which two halves of a work are mirror images of each other
Secondary Colors
You get _______ when you mix two primary colors
Photographer
Point of view is a concern of a(n) ______
Art Criticism
An orderly way to looking at and talking about art is called ________
Paint
Pigment, binder, and solvent constitute
Business and industry
An art education is valued by _______________ for its nourishment of flexible thinking, self-discipline, and creative thinking
Visual arts
Unique expressions of ideas, beliefs, experiences, and feelings presented in well-designed visual forms.
Fine arts
Refers to painting, sculpture, and architecture, arts which have no practical function and are valued in terms of the visual pleasure they provide or their success in communicating ideas or feelings
Applied arts
The design or decoration of functional objects to make them pleasing to the eye