World History - 5.5 Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Terms in this set (18)
What is the Hellenistic culture?
greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, Indian influences
What language was spoken in Hellenistic cities?
What was the advantage of the language koine?
it enabled educated people and traders from diverse backgrounds to communicate
What city was the center of commerce and hellenistic civilization?
How did trade contribute to the cultural diversity in Alexandria?
Alexandria became an international community with mixtures of customs and traditions from
what were Alexandria's greatest attractions?
its museum and library
who is Euclid?
a mathematician who taught in Alexandria
How did Euclid influence some of the developments in astronomy during the hellenistic period?
the astronomers, Eratosthenes and Aristarchus, used geometry text compiled by Euclid
Who is Archimedes?
a scientist who studied in Alexandria ; presented geometry propositions
What were Archimedes achievements?
- estimated the value of pi
- Archimedes screw
which two philosophies developed during the hellenistic period?
Stoicism and Epicureanism
who founded the school of philosophy ,Stoicism?
What did Stoics believe?
- people should live virtuous lives in harmony with the will of god or the laws that God established
- desires, power and wealth are dangerous distractions
- promoted social unity and encouraged people to focus on what they can control
who founded the school of thought, Epicureanism?
What were Epicurus teachings?
- god that had no interest in humans ruled the universe
- real objects = those the five senses perceived
-people should live virtuous lives
What did Epicurus believe the main goal of humans was?
Acheive harmony of body and mind
what do you think was the greatest scientific advance of the hellenistic period? why
the work of archimedes because it was used to create many tools
how was the purpose served by architecture and sculpture in the hellenistic period similar to the arts of the golden age?
both created art to honor gods and goddess