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Hyksos
ruled Egypt from about 1640 to 1570; invasion shook the Egyptians' confidence in the desert barriers that had protected their kingdom
New Kingdom
the period of ancient egyptian history that followed the overthrow of the hyksos rulers, lasting from about1570 to 1075 B.C.
Hatsheput
declared herself pharaoh because her stepson; the male heir of the throne was to young at the time
Thutmose III
Hatsheput's stepson; proved to be much more warlike ruler. He was very eager to ascend the throne and may have killed Hatsheput
Nubia
an ancient region in the Nile River Valley, on the site of present-day southern Egypt and northern Sudan
Ramses II
after fighting with the Hittites in Kadesh; pharaoh Ramses II and Hittite king made treaty that promised "peace and brotherhood between us forever
Kush
Egypt dominated Nubian Kingdom Kush for about a thousand years; Egyptians raided and occupied Kush then Kush began to emerge as a regional power
Piankhi
Overthrew the Libyan dnyasty that had ruled Egypt for over 200 years; he united the entire Nile Valley from delta in the north Napata in the south
Meroe
After defeating the Assyrians, Kushite royal family moved south ot Meroe; Meroe lay closer to the Red Sea than Napata did